social studies

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what do the judicial, executive, and legislative branches do with checks and balances?

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    Please see the site I posted in response to your last question.

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    Legislative Branch

    * Checks on the Executive
    o Impeachment power (House)
    o Trial of impeachments (Senate)
    o Selection of the President (House) and Vice President (Senate) in the case of no majority of electoral votes
    o May override Presidential vetoes
    o Senate approves departmental appointments
    o Senate approves treaties and ambassadors
    o Approval of replacement Vice President
    o Power to declare war
    o Power to enact taxes and allocate funds
    o President must, from time-to-time, deliver a State of the Union address
    * Checks on the Judiciary
    o Senate approves federal judges
    o Impeachment power (House)
    o Trial of impeachments (Senate)
    o Power to initiate constitutional amendments
    o Power to set courts inferior to the Supreme Court
    o Power to set jurisdiction of courts
    o Power to alter the size of the Supreme Court
    * Checks on the Legislature - because it is bicameral, the Legislative branch has a degree of self-checking.
    o Bills must be passed by both houses of Congress
    o House must originate revenue bills
    o Neither house may adjourn for more than three days without the consent of the other house
    o All journals are to be published

    Executive Branch

    * Checks on the Legislature
    o Veto power
    o Vice President is President of the Senate
    o Commander in chief of the military
    o Recess appointments
    o Emergency calling into session of one or both houses of Congress
    o May force adjournment when both houses cannot agree on adjournment
    o Compensation cannot be diminished
    * Checks on the Judiciary
    o Power to appoint judges
    o Pardon power
    * Checks on the Executive
    o Vice President and Cabinet can vote that the President is unable to discharge his duties

    Judicial Branch

    * Checks on the Legislature
    o Judicial review
    o Seats are held on good behavior
    o Compensation cannot be diminished
    * Checks on the Executive
    o Judicial review
    o Chief Justice sits as President of the Senate during presidential impeachment

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