1. When I arrived at the station, the train had alrready left.

2. When I arrived at the station, he had been waiting for me for half an hour.

3. When I arrived at the station, he had waited for me for half an hour.

(Are they all grammatical? Which expressions should I use, #2 or #3? Thank you for your help.)

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  1. All are correct, but I'd use #2 rather than #3.

    The progressive tense in #2 gives the sense of time passing until "I" arrived. In #3, it's not clear if he "had waited" (and then left) or if he "had waited" and was still waiting.

  2. 1 and 2 are acceptable; 3 is ambiguous.

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