Social studies

Read the quotation.



“The [collection] of all powers, legislative, executive, and judiciary, in the same hands . . . may justly be [called] the very definition of tyranny. . . .

. . . it will be proper to investigate the sense in which the [protection] of liberty requires that the three great departments of power should be separate and distinct.”

—James Madison, The Federalist Paper No. 47 (1788)



James Madison was the fourth president of the United States and one of the nation’s Founding Fathers.

Which Enlightenment thinker most likely influenced the ideas presented in this quotation by Madison? Explain what this thinker believed and how his ideas relate to the quotation.

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  1. Please help! Ms.Sue?

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  2. Who is Baron de Montesquieu?

  3. he was a french judge

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  4. is that the answer?

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  5. Separation of Power. A political idea, developed by John Locke and the Baron de Montesquieu, that power in government should be divided into separate branches—typically legislative, judicial, and executive—in order to ensure that no one branch of a governing body can gain too much authority.
    SparkNotes: The Enlightenment (1650–1800): Key Terms

  6. Thank you so much Ms.Sue and bobpursly!

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  7. You are welcome.

  8. :)
    thx again!

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