Civics

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1. Montesquieu’s system of “separation of powers” means that

government is divided into three branches.
people are born with rights that cannot be taken away.
government may rule because the citizens consent.
people have the right to life, liberty, and property.

2. How were the ideas of John Locke and other

Enlightenment philosophers different from past ideas of government?
They believed money was not a consideration.
Kings were portrayed negatively.
The individual person was considered.
The rights of the upper classes were important.

3. When creating a government with multiple branches, the Founding Fathers were influenced by (3 points)
French government.
the colonists.
British monarchy.
French writers.

4. The Magna Carta of 1215 was important because it

enforced the agreements of the first people to settle America.
convinced many colonists to declare independence from Britain.
provided a way for people to demand rights from the king.
taught the colonists to respect the British king’s right to rule.

5. The pamphlet Common Sense by Thomas Paine was important because it

provided a way for colonists to demand rights from the king.
taught the colonists to respect the British king’s right to rule.
convinced many colonists to declare independence from Britain.
enforced the agreements of the first people to settle America.

6. To no one will we sell, to no one will we refuse or delay, right or justice.

This quote from the Magna Carta may have influenced the colonists to believe that

no person who was a criminal had the right to earn money or purchase from others.
each person had the right to pay money to get out of arrest and punishment.
no person would be expected to pay for his or her crimes if he or she could not afford it.
each person had rights including the right to quick and fair outcomes under the law.

My answers:
government is divided into three branches.
The individual person was considered.
the colonists.
enforced the agreements of the first people to settle America.
taught the colonists to respect the British king’s right to rule.
each person had rights including the right to quick and fair outcomes under the law.

  • Civics -

    3 could be French writers. What does your book say?

    4 and 5 are wrong.

    The others are correct.

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