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i need help with questions of this story please

How to Live to Be 200
by Stephen Leacock

Twenty years ago I knew a man called Jiggins, who had the Health Habit.

He used to take a cold plunge every morning. He said it opened his pores. After it he took a hot sponge. He said it closed the pores. He got so that he could open and shut his pores at will.

Jiggins used to stand and breathe at an open window for half an hour before dressing. He said it expanded his lungs. He might, of course, have had it done in a shoe-store with a boot-stretcher, but after all it cost him nothing this way, and what is half an hour?

After he had got his undershirt on, Jiggins used to hitch himself up like a dog in harness and do Sandow exercises. He did them forwards, backwards, and hind-side up.

He could have got a job as a dog anywhere. He spent all his time at this kind of thing. In his spare time at the office, he used to lie on his stomach on the floor and see if he could lift himself up with his knuckles. If he could, then he tried some other way until he found one that he couldn't do. Then he would spend the rest of his lunch hour on his stomach, perfectly happy.

In the evenings in his room he used to lift iron bars, cannon-balls, heave dumbbells, and haul himself up to the ceiling with his teeth. You could hear the thumps half a mile.

He liked it.

He spent half the night slinging himself around his room. He said it made his brain clear. When he got his brain perfectly clear, he went to bed and slept. As soon as he woke, he began clearing it again.

Jiggins is dead. He was, of course, a pioneer, but the fact that he dumb-belled himself to death at an early age does not prevent a whole generation of young men from following in his path.

They are ridden by the Health Mania.

They make themselves a nuisance.

They get up at impossible hours. They go out in silly little suits and run Marathon heats before breakfast. They chase around barefoot to get the dew on their feet. They hunt for ozone. They bother about pepsin. They won't eat meat because it has too much nitrogen. They won't eat fruit because it hasn't any. They prefer albumen and starch and nitrogen to huckleberry pie and doughnuts. They won't drink water out of a tap. They won't eat sardines out of a can. They won't use oysters out of a pail. They won't drink milk out of a glass. They are afraid of alcohol in any shape. Yes, sir, afraid. "Cowards."

And after all their fuss they presently incur some simple old-fashioned illness and die like anybody else.

Now people of this sort have no chance to attain any great age. They are on the wrong track.

Listen. Do you want to live to be really old, to enjoy a grand, green, exuberant, boastful old age and to make yourself a nuisance to your whole neighbourhood with your reminiscences?

Then cut out all this nonsense. Cut it out. Get up in the morning at a sensible hour. The time to get up is when you have to, not before. If your office opens at eleven, get up at ten-thirty. Take your chance on ozone. There isn't any such thing anyway. Or, if there is, you can buy a Thermos bottle full for five cents, and put it on a shelf in your cupboard. If your work begins at seven in the morning, get up at ten minutes to, but don't be liar enough to say that you like it. It isn't exhilarating, and you know it.

Also, drop all that cold-bath business. You never did it when you were a boy. Don't be a fool now. If you must take a bath (you don't really need to), take it warm. The pleasure of getting out of a cold bed and creeping into a hot bath beats a cold plunge to death. In any case, stop gassing about your tub and your "shower," as if you were the only man who ever washed.

So much for that point.

Next, take the question of germs and bacilli. Don't be scared of them. That's all. That's the whole thing, and if you once get on to that you never need to worry again.

If you see a bacilli, walk right up to it, and look it in the eye. If one flies into your room, strike at it with your hat or with a towel. Hit it as hard as you can between the neck and the thorax. It will soon get sick of that.

But as a matter of fact, a bacilli is perfectly quiet and harmless if you are not afraid of it. Speak to it. Call out to it to "lie down." It will understand. I had a bacilli once, called Fido, that would come and lie at my feet while I was working. I never knew a more affectionate companion, and when it was run over by an automobile, I buried it in the garden with genuine sorrow.

(I admit this is an exaggeration. I don't really remember its name; it may have been Robert.)

Understand that it is only a fad of modern medicine to say that cholera and typhoid and diphtheria are caused by bacilli and germs; nonsense. Cholera is caused by a frightful pain in the stomach, and diphtheria is caused by trying to cure a sore throat.

Now take the question of food.

Eat what you want. Eat lots of it. Yes, eat too much of it. Eat till you can just stagger across the room with it and prop it up against a sofa cushion. Eat everything that you like until you can't eat any more. The only test is, can you pay for it? If you can't pay for it, don't eat it. And listen--don't worry as to whether your food contains starch, or albumen, or gluten, or nitrogen. If you are a damn fool enough to want these things, go and buy them and eat all you want of them. Go to a laundry and get a bag of starch, and eat your fill of it. Eat it, and take a good long drink of glue after it, and a spoonful of Portland cement. That will gluten you, good and solid.

If you like nitrogen, go and get a druggist to give you a canful of it at the soda counter, and let you sip it with a straw. Only don't think that you can mix all these things up with your food. There isn't any nitrogen or phosphorus or albumen in ordinary things to eat. In any decent household all that sort of stuff is washed out in the kitchen sink before the food is put on the table.

And just one word about fresh air and exercise. Don't bother with either of them. Get your room full of good air, then shut up the windows and keep it. It will keep for years. Anyway, don't keep using your lungs all the time. Let them rest. As for exercise, if you have to take it, take it and put up with it. But as long as you have the price of a hack and can hire other people to play baseball for you and run races and do gymnastics when you sit in the shade and smoke and watch them--great heavens, what more do you want?

  • English -

    I'll respond within the next half hour after I've read this story.

  • English -

    thanks very much ms. sue :)

  • English -

    it ask what be hint that author’s process analysis be meant more to amuse than to teach?

    That be because he over exaggerate?

  • English -

    Right.

    Leacock was quite a humorist. I'm still chuckling after reading this story.

  • English -

    what else be hint?

  • English -

    Leacock made some ridiculous statements:

    He got so that he could open and shut his pores at will.

    He might, of course, have had it done in a shoe-store with a boot-stretcher,

  • English -

    the author write "eat" lot of times in one paragraph. The repetition be unintentional? What effect it have? In what other section in story do he exploit repition?

    i not get this one.

  • English -

    in story he say " that will gluten you, good and solid." What consequence do author’s strange use of “gluten” hve?

    i not get this one

    when author use "bacilli" as insects to swat or as favorite dog run over by car, this be known as comic device of reduction to ludicrousness, where else in his story do he decrease something to total ludicrousness?

    i not get what this means.

    modernize author’s argument for our times. Which kind of “health mania” u drop? Which you keep? Which you add?

    The one i drop be i not know.. maybe not diet? The one to keep be staying healthy exercising so you not have pain with body. I not know what i add. Which else be to keep the other guy only do exercise.

  • English -

    Leacock's use of "eat" was intentional. Even when he wrote this story, fat was almost a sin and eating too much was gluttony. So he's breaking with custom and urging people to eat and eat and eat.

    He uses the word "nitrogen" a lot.

  • English -

    how jiggin story be organized?you be shocked when he die?


    that be by what he do daily? yeah i be shocked because he be really healthy.

  • English -

    The story is organized by the different "healthy" things he does.

  • English -

    thanks ms. sue :)

    i have these ones

    in story he say " that will gluten you, good and solid." What consequence do author’s strange use of “gluten” hve?

    i not get this one

    when author use "bacilli" as insects to swat or as favorite dog run over by car, this be known as comic device of reduction to ludicrousness, where else in his story do he decrease something to total ludicrousness?

    i not get what this means.

    modernize author’s argument for our times. Which kind of “health mania” u drop? Which you keep? Which you add?

    The one i drop be i not know.. maybe not diet? The one to keep be staying healthy exercising so you not have pain with body. I not know what i add. Which else be to keep the other guy only do exercise.

  • English -

    Leacock is looking at gluten as though it were concrete.

    Ludicrous means really funny and impossible. Bacilli are microscopic bacteria. We can't see them with the naked eye.

    Buying a thermos of nitrogen is ludicrous.

    The one part of this that is out of date is where he refers to cholera and typhoid.

    I think excessive exercise could be emphasized more. Several people in my family have injuries and permanent health problems because of excessive exercise.

  • English -

    thank you very much ms. sue :)

  • English -

    You're very welcome, Mohammad.

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