# chemistry

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A 2.50 g sample of a hydrate of calcium sulphate losses 0.523 g of water when heated. Determine the mass percent of water in the hydrate and the formula of the hydrate.

• chemistry -

CaSO4.XH2O

find the mole ratio of water to CaSO4.

moleswater=.523/18
molesCaSO4=(2.5-.523)/molmassCaSO4

divide moles water by the moles CaSO4, that is X

• chemistry -

percent water = (mass H2O/mass sample)*100= (0.523/2.50)*100 = 20.92 which I would round to 20.9%.

To find the formula, take a 100 gram sample which provides
20.9 g H2O
100-20.9 = 79.1 g CaSO4

moles water = 20.9/18 = 1.16
moles CaSO4 = 79.1/136 = 0.582
Now find the ratio of water to 1 atom of the CaSO4. The easy way to do that is to divide 0.582 by 0.582 = 1.0000 CaSO4
Then 1.16/0.582 = ?? H2O

• chemistry -

I believe it comes out to CaSO4 x 2H20

20.9%

2:1 ratio

I think haha

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