Technology

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1. There are seven inputs common to all technological systems. List these inputs and give an example of each one.

There are seven inputs common to all technological systems. These include people, materials, tools (machines), energy, information, finances, and time. People are the most important input to technological systems. One reason for this is because people are the consumers of technological outputs; they use the products and services that the systems provide. Examples of people are creative people, scientists, engineers and technologists. Materials are all natural matter that is directly or indirectly used by the system. For example, some materials support the productive actions of the system; they may lubricate machines, contain data, or package and protect products. Examples of materials are natural, synthetic, and genetic materials. Tools are the technical means that must be present before we have technology. Examples of tools can range from a hammer to a space vehicle or from a can opener to a television transmitter. Energy is the ability to do work. Energy can be in a number of forms and can range from human muscle power to nuclear power; from heat energy to sound energy. Types of energy are chemical, electrical, thermal, and radiant energy. Information is organized data and is essential for operating all technological systems. The measurements of the size and weight of everything you can find is an example of data. However, you could sort the data so the height and weight of all people are grouped together, and this is an example of information; organized data. Information can be classified into three groups: Scientific, Humanities and Technological information. Finances are the money and credit necessary for an economic system. For example, if a home is needed, land and materials to build the home must be purchased. Also, equipment must be rented or bought and workers must be hired to build the house. All of these actions require money. Time is taken in all jobs or activities. This means if time is not available, less critical tasks will be left undone or postponed to a later date. Therefore, some technology will have to wait until time and other resources are available

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