Introduction to Finance: Harvesting the Money Tree

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27. Prepare a statement of cash flows for the Crosby Corporation. Follow the general procedures indicated in Table 2–10 on page 38 .

Statement of cash flows
(L04)
Current Assets Liabilities
Cash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 15,000 Accounts payable . . . . . . . . $ 20,000
Accounts receivable . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22,500 Notes payable . . . . . . . . . . . 30,000
Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37,500 Bonds payable . . . . . . . . . . . 75,000
Prepaid expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18,000
Fixed Assets Stockholders’ Equity
Plant and equipment (gross) . . . . . . . $375,000 Common stock . . . . . . . . . . $112,500
Paid-in capital . . . . . . . . . . . 37,500
Less: Accumulated depreciation . . . . 75,000 Retained earnings . . . . . . . . 118,000
Net plant and assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300,000 Total liabilities and
Total assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $393,000 stockholders’ equity . . . . . $393,000
CROSBY CORPORATION
Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2008
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $2,200,000
Cost of goods sold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,300,000
Gross profits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 900,000
Selling and administrative expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420,000
Depreciation expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150,000
Operating income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330,000
Interest expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90,000
Earnings before taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240,000
Taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80,000


Statement of Retained Earnings
For the Year Ended December 31, 2008
Retained earnings, balance, January 1, 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $500,000
Add: Earnings available to common stockholders, 2008 . . . . . . . . . . 150,000
Deduct: Cash dividends declared and paid in 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50,000
Retained earnings, balance, December 31, 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $600,000
CROSBY CORPORATION
Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2008
Earnings after taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160,000
Preferred stock dividends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,000
Earnings available to common stockholders . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 150,000
Common shares outstanding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120,000
Earnings per share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 1.25
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 250,000 $ 440,000
Notes payable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400,000
Accrued expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70,000 50,000
Total current liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 720,000 890,000
Long-term liabilities:
Bonds payable, 2012 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70,000 120,000
Total liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 790,000 1,010,000
Comparative Balance Sheets
For 2007 and 2008
Year-End
2007
Year-End
2008
Assets
Current assets:
Cash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 70,000 $ 100,000
Accounts receivable (net) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300,000 350,000
Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410,000 430,000
Prepaid expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50,000 30,000
Total current assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 830,000 910,000
Investments (long-term securities) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80,000 70,000
Plant and equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,000,000 2,400,000
Less: Accumulated depreciation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000,000 1,150,000
Net plant and equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000,000 1,250,000
Total assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1,910,000 $2,230,000
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $100 per value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90,000
Common stock, $1 par value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120,000 120,000
Capital paid in excess of par . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410,000 410,000
Retained earnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500,000 600,000
Total stockholders’ equity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,120,000 1,220,000
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1,910,000 $2,230,000

(The following questions apply to the Crosby Corporation, as presented in
Problem 27.)

28. Describe the general relationship between net income and net cash flows from operating activities for the firm.


29. Has the buildup in plant and equipment been financed in a satisfactory manner?
Briefly discuss.



my answers

CROSBY CORPORATION
Income Statement
for the Year Ended December 31, 2008
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $2,200,000
Cost of goods sold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,300,000
Gross profits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 900,000
Selling and administrative expense . . . . . . . . 420,000
Depreciation expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150,000
Operating income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330,000
Interest expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90,000
Earnings before taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240,000
Taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80,000

Additional Details
CROSBY CORPORATION
Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2008
Earnings after taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160,000
Preferred stock dividends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10,000
Earnings available to common stockholders . . . . . . $ 150,000
Common shares outstanding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120,000
Earnings per share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 1.25

Statement of Retained Earnings
For the Year Ended December 31, 2008
Retained earnings, balance, January 1, 2008 . . . . . . . . . . $500,000
Add: Earnings available to common stockholders, 2008 . . 150,000
Deduct: Cash dividends declared and paid in 2008 . . . . . . 50,000
Retained earnings, balance, December 31, 2008 . . . . . . . $600,000


Comparative Balance Sheets
For 2007 and 2008
Year-End
2007
Year-End
2008
Assets
Current assets:
Cash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 70,000 $ 100,000
Accounts receivable (net) . . . . . . . . . . . 300,000 350,000
Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410,000 430,000
Prepaid expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50,000 30,000
Total current assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 830,000 910,000
Investments (long-term securities) . . . . . 80,000 70,000
Plant and equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2,000,000 2,400,000
Less: Accumulated depreciation . . . . . . . 1,000,000 1,150,000
Net plant and equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000,000 1,250,000
Total assets. .


Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 250,000 $ 440,000
Notes payable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400,000 400,000
Accrued expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70,000 50,000
Total current liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 720,000 890,000
Long-term liabilities:
Bonds payable, 2012 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70,000 120,000
Total liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 790,000 1,010,000

28. Describe the general relationship between net income and net cash flows from operating activities for the firm.
Net income

Net income is the change in owners represents the change in owners’ equity during a period. This does not include the effects of any additional investments or withdrawals by the owners. Cash flow is the movement of cash in or out of a business, project of financial product.

29. Has the buildup in plant and equipment been financed in a satisfactory manner? Briefly discuss.

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