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below are about 21 questions from my final study guide. I was given a 563 question study guide for my final and obviously I did not understand every question. So basically I did not understand 4% of the questions which is pretty good. Just any help with the questions below would be great. Please note that this will not be graded. Any answers given will just help prepare me more on my final.


Compounds and Molecules
Answer the following questions to identify whether a substance is a mixture or a compound.
1.
pure water
A) mixture
B) compound

2.
SnF2
A) compound
B) mixture

3.
air
A) compound
B) mixture

Compounds and Molecules 2

4.
Predict which molecules have a greater attraction for each other; C3H8O2 in liquid rubbing alcohol or CH4 molecules in methane gas.
A) C3H8O2 because they are farther apart and moving slower in a liquid.
B) C3H8O2 because they are closer together and moving slower in a liquid.
C) CH4 because they are farther apart and moving quicker in a gas.
D) CH4 because they are closer together and moving quicker in a gas.

5.
Compounds are different from mixtures because
A) compounds are held together by chemical bonds.
B) each original substance in a compound remains chemically unchanged.
C) each substance in a compound maintains its own properties.
D) mixtures are held together by chemical bonds.

6.
The type of bond that forms between metals and non metals on the periodic table. This requires that one of the elements lose electron(s).
A) ionic bond
B) covalent bond
C) metallic bond

7.
Which of the following best explains why aluminum foil will conduct electricity?
A) The metallic bonds are broken
B) It has a full outer shell of electrons that are stable.
C) It is a metal and its valence electrons are free to move

8.
Which substance has ionic bonds?
A) CO2
B) O2
C) CO

9.
The number of valence electrons in aluminum.
A) 1e-
B) 2e-
C) 3e-
D) 0

10.
The type of bond in which there is an equal sharing of electrons.
A) non-polar covalent bond
B) ionic bond
C) polar covalent bond

12.
Which of the depicts the proper ground state electron configuration for K?
A) 1s22s22p2
B) 1s22s22p63s23p64s1
C) 1s22s22p63s2
D) 1s5

13.
Which of the following best describes the noble gases.
A) readily bond with other elements
B) are very unstable
C) have a full outer shell
D) form covalent bonds
Compound Names and Formulas

14.
The empirical formula for glucose is
A) C6H12O6
B) CHO
C) CH2O
D) sugar

15.
Which of the following help to explain why metals rather than ionic solids are used in electrical wiring.
A) As a solid metal can carry an electric current.
B) In metallic bonds charges are held in place when it is solid, while ionic solids allow charges to move freely.
C) Ionic bonds are not flexible, while metal can be bent and stretched because metallic bonds are flexible.
D) Ionic solids hold charges in place and do not allow them to move freely.

16.
Determine the chemical formula for the following ionic compound: strontium nitrate; an ingredient in some fireworks, signal flares, and matches.
A) SrNO
B) Sr3NO2
C) Sr(NO3)2
D) NO3Sr2

17.
What is the name of the following covalent compound: N2O
A) nitroxide
B) nitrous oxide
C) dinitrogen monoxide
D) trinitrogen dioxide

18.
The ion name and symbol for a Fluorine anion is
A) Fluorinate, Fl
B) Fluoride, F-
C) Flouride, F
D) Fluoridium, F

19.
What is the ionic formula for magnesium bromide?
A) MgBr
B) Mg2Br
C) MgBr2
D) Br2Mg

20.
A substance in a solid at room temperature. It is unable to conduct electricity as a solid but can conduct electricity as a liquid. This compound melts at 755 oC. Would you expect this compound to have ionic bonds, metallic bonds, or covalent bonds?
A) metallic bonds
B) ionic bonds
C) covalent bonds

21.
In addition to carbon and hydrogen atoms choose another element from the list that can bond with carbon in organic compounds.
A) iron
B) calcium
C) fluoride
D) nitrogen

  • science -

    Haven't done real science in a while (studied computer science in college), but I'll give it a shot. I hope you actually want to learn the concepts a little bit (if you just wanted the answer, you could probably have googled the questions), so I'll explain a little bit when I can.

    1.
    pure water
    A) mixture
    *B compound (see 5)

    2.
    SnF2
    *A) compound
    B) mixture (see 5, basically, anything that is expressed as a chemical formula is a compound; in this case this is the formula for Stannous fluoride, a compound of tin (Sn) and fluorine (F).)

    3.
    air
    A) compound
    *B) mixture : the gases in air don't react with each other normally, so it's a mixture

    Compounds and Molecules 2

    4.
    Predict which molecules have a greater attraction for each other; C3H8O2 in liquid rubbing alcohol or CH4 molecules in methane gas.
    A) C3H8O2 because they are farther apart and moving slower in a liquid.
    * B) C3H8O2 because they are closer together and moving slower in a liquid. :
    the level of attraction among molecules go like this : solid > liquid > gas
    C) CH4 because they are farther apart and moving quicker in a gas.
    D) CH4 because they are closer together and moving quicker in a gas.

    5.
    Compounds are different from mixtures because
    *A) compounds are held together by chemical bonds.
    B) each original substance in a compound remains chemically unchanged.
    C) each substance in a compound maintains its own properties.
    D) mixtures are held together by chemical bonds.

    6.
    The type of bond that forms between metals and non metals on the periodic table. This requires that one of the elements lose electron(s).
    *A) ionic bond: An ion is formed when an atom of an element loses one or more electrons (and other gains one or more electrons), hence the name
    B) covalent bond
    C) metallic bond

    7.
    Which of the following best explains why aluminum foil will conduct electricity?
    A) The metallic bonds are broken
    B) It has a full outer shell of electrons that are stable.
    * C) It is a metal and its valence electrons are free to move

    8.
    Which substance has ionic bonds?
    A) CO2 : covalent bonds
    B) O2 : covalent bonds
    * C) CO : this one that actually has both covalent and ionic bonds, called coordinate covalent bond (I think)

    9.
    The number of valence electrons in aluminum.
    A) 1e-
    B) 2e-
    *C) 3e- : The atomic number of Aluminum is 13, so the number of electrons in successive orbits is 2, 8, 3 (valence electrons (generally) = number of electrons in outermost shell)
    D) 0

    10.
    The type of bond in which there is an equal sharing of electrons.
    * A) non-polar covalent bond
    B) ionic bond
    C) polar covalent bond

    12.
    Which of the depicts the proper ground state electron configuration for K?
    I can't explain this without diagrams, but Wikipedia will help: look for "atomic orbital" and "Hund's rule"

    A) 1s22s22p2
    * B) 1s22s22p63s23p64s1 : one thing you can do is count the number of electrons: 2 + 2 + 6 + 2 + 6 + 1 = 19, which is the atomic number of K, i.e. the number of electrons in ground state
    C) 1s22s22p63s2
    D) 1s5

    13.
    Which of the following best describes the noble gases.
    A) readily bond with other elements
    B) are very unstable
    * C) have a full outer shell e.g. Argon, Xenon, Krypton
    D) form covalent bonds
    Compound Names and Formulas

    14.
    The empirical formula for glucose is
    * A) C6H12O6 : all sugars (glucose, dextrose, sucrose etc.) have chains of carbons; glucose is the one with a straight chain of 6 carbon atoms
    B) CHO
    C) CH2O
    D) sugar

    15.
    Which of the following help to explain why metals rather than ionic solids are used in electrical wiring.
    * A) As a solid metal can carry an electric current. : kind of self-explanatory?
    B) In metallic bonds charges are held in place when it is solid, while ionic solids allow charges to move freely.
    C) Ionic bonds are not flexible, while metal can be bent and stretched because metallic bonds are flexible.
    D) Ionic solids hold charges in place and do not allow them to move freely.

    16.
    Determine the chemical formula for the following ionic compound: strontium nitrate; an ingredient in some fireworks, signal flares, and matches.
    A) SrNO
    B) Sr3NO2
    * C) Sr(NO3)2 : Have you learned how to write compound formulas? I don't want to explain in too much detail, but basically, Nitrate is an ion of which the formula is NO3, and it has a valency of 1. Sr is a metal and has a valency of 2. Exchange the valencies, and write the positive ion (metal) first.
    D) NO3Sr2

    17.
    What is the name of the following covalent compound: N2O
    A) nitroxide
    * B) nitrous oxide : I don't know how you would know this without actually learning about this compound: look for it in Wikipedia. By the way, this compound is laughing gas.
    C) dinitrogen monoxide
    D) trinitrogen dioxide

    18.
    The ion name and symbol for a Fluorine anion is
    A) Fluorinate, Fl
    * B) Fluoride, F-
    C) Flouride, F
    D) Fluoridium, F

    19.
    What is the ionic formula for magnesium bromide?
    A) MgBr
    B) Mg2Br
    * C) MgBr2 : Use technique from 16.
    D) Br2Mg

    20.
    A substance in a solid at room temperature. It is unable to conduct electricity as a solid but can conduct electricity as a liquid. This compound melts at 755 oC. Would you expect this compound to have ionic bonds, metallic bonds, or covalent bonds?

    I'm not too sure about this one, but I would guess covalent bond. I know for sure it's not A, because metallic ions are what make metals conduct electricity as a solid.
    A) metallic bonds
    B) ionic bonds
    * (?) C) covalent bonds

    21.
    In addition to carbon and hydrogen atoms choose another element from the list that can bond with carbon in organic compounds.
    A) iron
    B) calcium
    C) fluoride
    * D) nitrogen : Think of amino acids, the building blocks of life

  • science -

    345tg24tgf246g4tg6352g356g

  • science -

    formula

  • science -

    your lost

  • science -

    well srry i cannot answer your question

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