Many hot-water heating systems have a reservoir tank connected directly to the pipeline, so as to allow for expansion when the water becomes hot. The heating system of a house has 74 m of copper pipe whose inside radius is 9.10 10-3 m. When the water and pipe are heated from 20 to 75°C, what must be the minimum volume of the reservoir tank to hold the overflow of water?

I know the volume of the pipe is
pi R^2 L = 1.93*10^-2 m^2 = 19.3 liters

I calculated how much that volume of water increases when being heated from 20 to 75 C. I used the thermal expansion coefficient of water. It varies from 20 to 75 C.

delta V = V*4*10^-4*(75 - 20)
= 0.43 liters

My finnally answe has to be in m^3 so I divided .43l liters by 10^-3 m^3 but I can't come up with right answer for this problem.

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  1. change in V/V = beta *(Tf-Ti)
    = 4*10^-4 (55) = 220*10^-4 = 2.2 * 10^-2

    pi r^2 L = pi * (9.1*10^-3)^2 m^2 * 75m
    = 1.95*10^-2 METERS CUBED NOT liters

    delta V = 1.95*10^-2 * 2.2*10^-2 = 4.29 * 10^-4 meters cubed

    delta v/V can be liters per liter or meters^3 per meter^3 or thimbles per thimble but in this case everything is in meters.

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  2. my computer home work is tell me .000429 is not correct I have reworked the problem but it keep tell me the answer is not correct

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  3. Well, I assumed your thermal expansion coef for water was correct. Otherwise I did it all independently from your work. However water is non-linear and even changes sign just above freezing (why ice freezes at the surface of the pond) so if it is a little off it is because it is hard to define that coef. If it is a lot off, either we are both crazy or the computer homework is wrong.

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  4. Try this one.
    you seem to have forgotten about the coeficient for copper pipe. Remember volume gained (reservoir) equals volume lost (pipe)

    deltaV =beta_water x V_i x deltaT
    this gives the change in V for water

    deltaV = beta_copper x V_i x deltaT
    this gives the change in V for Copper

    delta_T and V_i are the same for each equation. Then SUBRACT the lower number from the higher number. I had a similar problem and got the correct answer.

    hope it helps.

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