# chem

How many grams of NH4Cl must be added to 0.560 L of 1.90 M NH3 solution to yield a buffer solution with a pH of 8.50? Assume no volume change. Kb for NH3 = 1.8 10-5.

i am confused as how to find the grams?

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1. Let B= NH3 and BH=NH4Cl

pH+pOH=14

so, 14-8.50=pOH

and

pkb=-logkb

You will need to use a version of the henderson-hasselbalch equation.

pOH=pkb +log[BH/B]

Solve for the ratio,

So, [BH/B]= 0.755

0.560L*(1.90M)= moles of NH3

Substituting, you should have

0.775=BH/moles of NH3

Solve for BH

moles of BH*(53.49 g/mole)= mass of NH4Cl

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2. I should point out here that you do not need to modify the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation.
pH = pKa + log (base)/(acid) is valid for acids and bases. In this case we calculate pKb from Kb, then
14-pKb = pKa, then proceed with the HH equation as usual.
8.50 = 9.25 + log (1.90/x)
Solve for x which is molar NH4Cl and convert to grams in 0.560 L.

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3. The solubility of PbF2 in water is 0.830 g/L. What is the value of Ksp?
how do I calculate this?

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