a mixture contains two crystalline solid X and Y. Decide if pure X can be obtained by a proper recrystallization using solvent A. Include the exact volumes of solvent used and the amount of pure X obtained.
Solubility of X in boiling A :200mg/ml
solubility of X at room temp.: 20mg/ml
solubility of Y at boiling A : 200mg/ml
solubility of Y at room temp.: 20mg/ml
amount of X in mixture: 400mg
amount of Y in mixture: 30mg
You add enough boiling A to dissolve all of X (of course it will dissolver all of Y, too). Using 0.15 mL of boiling A will dissolve all of Y and some of X. In fact I suppose you could get pure X this way, too, although it isn't the usual way we think of recrystallization.
200 mg/mL x 0.15 mL = 30 mg X will dissolve leaving 400-30 = 370 mg X behind, BUT
1. 0.15 mL is a small volume to be working with, and you would have trouble controlling the volume and losing volume as it sticks to the walls of the vessel,
2. I would want to add just a little more than 0.15 because this JUST barely gets all of Y in solution.
3. I doubt this is the way your prof expects you to answer.
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