Philosophy

What art the essential components of a logical argument?


A logical argument is made up of the premise, the inference and the conclusion.The premise is the base in the structure of an argument. Within the boundaries of an argument, it isirriducible, that is, there is nothing more basic than the premise. Because the statements of the premiseare irriducible, they are also called assumptions — the reader is called upon to accept them unquestioning, for the sake of the argument — the reader has to choose not to reduce them.The inference is the set of statements derived from the premise. These statements are reducible —back to the premise.The conclusion is the final statement in the process of inference, and the statement which we are most interested in — it is like the result of an experiment. You may have been taught that an essay has topic statements — these are the conclusions that your argument is trying to reach — the goal of theexperiment, if you will.So, for example,A longer life is a good thing(premise). Science has produced medicines(premise). Medicines prolonglife(premise). Since science has produced medicines to prolong life(inference), science is a good thing(conclusion).Of course, the premise of an argument, though irriducible within that particular argument, could be the conclusion of another argument.But is longer life a good thing? Some people believe that quality is more important than duration(premise / constative statement). If a long life is wracked with suffering(premise / constative statement), then perhapslong life is not always a good thing(conclusion / normative statement).But do medicines always prolong life? etc, etc…An argument-by-assertion, therefore, occurs when an unsupported normative statement is used as thepremise to support the conclusiveness of another normative statement.Two or more unsupported statements trying to hold up one another can only end in tears.Every statement in the premise should, as far as possible, be a constative statement, or anormative statement which has been supported / made acceptable by earlier arguments orprovision of contexts.

Source:
http://66.102.7.104/search?q=cache:J5UnaSpJNaMJ:www.freehomepages.com/gpandlit/GP/Essays/Normative%2520statement%2520versus%2520Constative%2520statement.pdf+%22a+logical+argument+is+made%22&hl=en&gl=us&ct=clnk&cd=6

  1. 👍
  2. 👎
  3. 👁

Respond to this Question

First Name

Your Response

Similar Questions

  1. ELA

    Using credible sources quick check: please check my answers or give me answers: 1.) What is one criterion a writer should use when evaluating a source? (1 point) how realistic it is how interesting it is its creativity its

  2. Philosophy

    Which of the following is not true of unsound arguments? All unsound arguments commit a formal fallacy. If a deductive argument commits a fallacy, then it is an unsound argument. Any argument that commits a formal fallacy is an

  3. ELA

    What does it mean to delineate an argument?(1 point) to support it with facts to form an opinion on it to break it down (to restate it in a different way) 2.What is an opposing claim in an informational text?(1 point) a claim made

  4. reading

    nelson mandela speech glory and hope what are some similes, personification allusion, anaphora, pathos,ethos,logical appeals, metaphors,hyperbole,call to action,counter argument,rebuttal,etc

  1. english

    Which of the following statements describes a functional text? a. It provides a first-person account of a personal experience. b. The primary purpose is to provide information to perform a task. c. The primary purpose is to

  2. english

    Which is true of a literary argument? a. It should be impassioned in tone. b. It must be made by literary critics. c. It is a disagreement between two literary works. d. None of the above I am thinking the answer in D because a

  3. language arts

    What does it mean when reasoning is sound?(1 point) a It includes an explanation of the author's opinion. b It is based on evidence from different sources. c It is thought out and convincing. d It highlights the most important

  4. ela

    How can text features help a reader analyze an author's argument?(1 point) They show where the most important information about the argument is located. The include examples and reasons that support the argument not found in the

  1. Math-Please help :(

    (a) translate the argument into symbolic form and (b) determine if the argument is valid or invalid. You may compare the argument to a standard form or use a truth table. If Nicholas Thompson teaches this course, then I will get a

  2. Philosophy

    LOGIC and ARGUMENTS – the simple elements Arguments are Composed of THREE PARTS: 1) Premises = basic, commonly accepted reasons – the “why’s,” and “how’s.” 2) Inferences = reasoned “guesses” or based assertions

  3. English

    What does it mean to delineate an argument? to form an opinion on it to support it with facts to break it down to restate it in a different way What is an opposing claim in an informational text? an argument that is counter to the

  4. English

    This is all for the poem "To His Coy Mistress" They're all short answers. 1) What is the speaker trying to convince his mistress to do? 2) Why is she being "coy"? 3) Outline the author's argument in the form of a syllogism or a

You can view more similar questions or ask a new question.