chemistry

The solubility products of AgBr and Ag3PO4 are 5.0 10-13 and 1.8 10-18, respectively. If Ag+ is added (without changing the volume) to 1.00 L of a solution containing 0.31 mol Br ‾ and 0.31 mol PO43-, calculate the molarity of Ag+ ions required to initiate precipitation and to bring the precipitation to 99.99% completion for each anion.

(a) [Ag+] at which AgBr precipitation begins
(b) [Ag+] at which AgBr precipitation is 99.99% complete
(c) [Ag+] at which Ag3PO4 precipitation begins
(d) [Ag+] at which Ag3PO4 precipitation is 99.99% complete
e) Give the [Ag+] range in which a complete separation by precipitation can be achieved.
Low End
High End

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asked by Tanner
  1. I can get you started but it's too long to work out in excruciating detail.
    AgBr ==> Ag^+ + Br^-
    Ksp = (Ag^+)(Br^-) = 5.0E-13
    When Ag^+ is added ion by ion, AgBr will start to ppt when (Ag^+) = 5.0E-13/0.31 = 1.6E-12.
    When 99.99% has been pptd that will leave (Br^-) of 0.31 x (0.01/100) = 3.1E-5 and
    (Ag^+) = 5.0E-13/3.1E-5 = 1.6E-8. Ag3PO4 will not have begun to ppt then
    for (Ag^+) must be at least
    (Ag^+) = cube root(Ksp/PO4) = 1.8E-6
    etc.

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  2. i figured it out but how do i get the Low end and High end?

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    posted by Tanner

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