# AP CHEMISTRY

Phosphoric acid is triprotic acid (three ionizable hydrogens). The values of its stepwise ionization constants are Ka1= 7.5E-5, Ka2= 6.2E-8, and Ka3= 4.2E-13

1) Write the chemical equation for the first ionization reaction of phosphoric acid with water

2)Write the equilibrium constant expression (Ka1) for this reaction.

3)What would be the pH of a solution when [H3PO4]= [H2PO4-]?
(Note: pH= -log[H3O+])

1. What is your trouble with this? What do you not understand?

posted by DrBob222
2. I don't understand how to do the first one.
I really don't know how to do reactions

posted by NIKITA
3. You know acid + water ionizes to give H3O^+ so take the H3O^+ out and see what's left.
H3PO4 + H2O ==> H3O^+ + H2PO4^-
Then Ka1 = (H^+)(H2PO4^-)/(H3PO4)

For the pH.
The pH when (H2PO4^-) = (H3PO4). Note one is in the numerator, the other is in the denominator, they cancel and you are left with Ka1 = (H^+), convert that to pH.

posted by DrBob222
4. thanx very much!!!!!

posted by george
5. You're welcome. It helps us if you DON'T change screen names.

posted by DrBob222

First Name

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