Chemistry

Consider an ideal gas encloesd in a 1.00 L container at an internal pressure of 10.0 atm. Calculate the work, w, if the gas expands against a constant external pressure of 1.00 atm to a final volume of 20.0 L.
w = ____ J

now calculate the work done if this process is carried out in two steps.
1] first let, the gas expand against a constant external pressure of 5.00 atm to a volume of 4.00 L.
2] From there, let the gas expand to 20.0 L against a constant external pressure of 1.00 atm.
w = _____ J

i know that the formula to solve this is w=-(p)(Delta V) but when they give you 2 pressures does that mean the formula turns to w=-(delta p)(delta v)?

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  1. 1)
    -Pdelta V = -1 atm x (v2-v1) = -1(20-1) = -19 L*atm work.
    2)
    The first one is -5 x (4-1) = -15 L*atm
    Second stage is -1 x (20-4) = -16 L*atm
    Total = -31 L*atm
    Here is a good site you can read; in fact there is an example problem that is ALMOST the same as this one.
    (Broken Link Removed)

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