American History

1. Which of the following explains why the study of slavery is difficult for historians?

a. Slaves left few firsthand accounts because they were forbidden to read and write.
b. Most slaves could read, but the majority of slaves could not write.
c. Actually, the study of slavery has been made quite simple for historians.
d. For the most part, slaves did not want to read or write.

2. In which area did women score their earliest victory toward equal rights with men?

a. politics
b. employment
c. education
d. legal rights

3. From 1815 to 1860, what was the value of cotton in terms of the entire nation's exports?

a. one quarter
b. one third
c. over one half
d. ninety percent

4. How did Missouri's application for admission into the Union in 1819 threaten to create a crisis?

a. It would force the new state of Missouri to be a slave-free state.
b. It would balance the political power of the North and South in the Senate.
c. It would upset the balance of power in the Senate in favor of the proslavery South.
d. It would upset the balance of power in the Senate in favor of the antislavery North.

5. Germans, the second largest group of immigrants to America, primarily settled in the

a. West.
b. Middle West.
c. South.
d. Northeast.

6. All of the following factors contributed to the weakness of organized labor in the early 1800s except

a. widespread economic prosperity.
b. workers' strong spirit of independence.
c. the availability of inexpensive western land.
d. the use of inexpensive immigrant labor.

7. Which of the following factors accounts for the surge of Irish immigration to the United States in the 1840s?

a. a civil war at home
b. religious discrimination
c. political oppression
d. a potato famine

8. Reformers who argued for publicly supported education claimed that a free schooling would do all of the following except

a. prevent social disorder.
b. stop immigration.
c. prepare intelligent voters.
d. stop the spread of crime.

9. The Mormons moved westward during the 1840s and settled in Utah to

a. escape religious persecution.
b. establish a slave-free state.
c. build a Catholic community.
d. prospect for gold and silver.

10. In the North, opposition to the antislavery movement came from

a. wage earners.
b. business groups.
c. trade union leaders.
d. all of the above groups.

11. By the 1840s, most of the America's industrial centers were located in the

a. Middle West.
b. West.
c. Northeast.
d. South.

1 A 2 B 3 C
4 B 5 D 6 A
7 D 8 A 9 C
10 D 11 C

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