write an equation for which component of the phosphate buffer (H2PO4-/ HPO4^2-) reacts when HCl is added. Do the same for NaOH.

I think that the H2PO4- will react with the NaOH but its only a guess and I'm confused as to how I would go about doing this.

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  1. You guessed wrong.
    You have H2PO4^- and HPO4^2-
    Which is the acid and which is the base? H2PO4^- is the acid. Why? Because it is the one with extra H^+. The HPO4^2- is the base because it is the one with fewer H (and the one accepting protons).
    H2PO4^- ==> H^+ + HPO4^2-
    This shows the H2PO4^- donating a proton and HPO4^2- accepting a proton.

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