Can someone explain for organic chemistry naming, when something would be given something like "iso" in it or when we would say "s-butyl" or "t-propyl" etc., with "s" meaning secondary and "t" meaning tertiary.

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asked by Raj
  1. Here is a try at it.
    is n-propyl alcohol. n is for normal.

    is for isopropyl alcohol, sometimes called secondary propyl alcohol or s-propyl alcohol. The iso alcohol has the C, to which the OH is attached, attached to two other carbons. The tertiary has three other carbons attached. For example,


    It's difficult to draw these structures on the boards. I hope this look ok.

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  2. I didn't get it right. The central C has only three bonds. Attach another C to the central carbon (the one to which the OH is attached). As I say, it's difficult to draw these things on the board.

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  3. The last one is t-butyl alcohol.

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  4. Thanks, for the help, although the last one doesn't look right, I understand it now. Thank You.

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    posted by Raj

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