AP Chemistry

Which of the following electron configurations correspond to an excited state? Identify the atoms and write the ground-state electron configuration where appropriate. If the configuration is a noble gas, enter the noble gas in brackets, for example [Ne] for F -. If the configuration given corresponds to a ground state electron configuration, say: "ground state"

(a) 1s2 2s2 3p1
element?

electron configuration?

(b) 1s2 2s2 2p6
element?

electron configuration?

(c) 1s2 2s2 2p4 3s1
element?

electron configuration?

(d) [Ar]4s2 3d5 4p1
element?

electron configuration?

How many unpaired electrons are present in each of these species?

(a) 1s2 2s2 3p1?

ground-state?

(b) 1s2 2s2 2p6?

ground-state?

(c) 1s2 2s2 2p4 3s1?

ground-state?

(d) [Ar]4s2 3d5 4p1?

ground-state?

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  1. The ground states are
    1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 etc. If a higher level is filled BEFORE all of the lower levels are filled that makes it an excited atom.
    a) is an excited B atom. The ground state is
    1s2 2s2 2p1

    b)I think the problem is a little confusing. b) could be F^- or ground state of Ne. Ground state if F^- is
    1s2 2s2 2p5
    Ground state if Ne is [Ne]

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  2. great thanks and for the second part i can look at the orbital diagrams' arrows right?

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