Environmental Engineering

Consider the air over a city to be a box 100km on a side that reaches up to an altitude of 1.0 km. THe air is blowing into the box along one of its sides with a speed of 4 m/s. Suppose an air pollutant with a reaction rate of K = 0.20/hr is emitted into the box at a total mass loading rate of 10 kg/s. Find the steady state concentration if the air in the box is assumed to be perfectly mixed.

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  1. what would be the CO consentration in the box?

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  2. V= 100*100*1 = 10000 km^3
    Q = 4/1000*1*100 = 0.4 km^3/s
    m (loading) = 10kg/s, k = 0.20/hr
    1 km^3 = 10^12 L (if u want kg/L as concentration)

    Cin = 10kg/s / 0.4 km^3/s = 25 kg/km^3

    for CSTR: Cout = Cin/(1+k*t), t = V/Q = 25000 s or 6.94 hr

    Cout = 25/(1+0.20*6.94) = 10.47 kg/km^3

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