statistics

2. A teacher wants to investigate whether there is a difference between male and female students in the amount of time they spend studying for statistics. The table below shows the amount of time students spend studying statistics each week. The amounts of time spent studying are normally distributed.
Male Female
27 25
25 29
19 18
10 23
16 20
17 15
15 19
a. What statistical test should be used to analyze the data?

b. Is this a one- or two tailed test?

c. Identify H0 and Ha for this study.

d. Conduct the appropriate analysis. Should H0 be rejected?

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  1. Ho: mean1 = mean2
    Ha: mean1 ≠ mean2

    Does that indicate one-tailed or two?

    Find the mean first = sum of scores/number of scores

    Subtract each of the scores from the mean and square each difference. Find the sum of these squares. Divide that by the number of scores to get variance.

    Standard deviation = square root of variance

    Z = (mean1 - mean2)/standard error (SE) of difference between means

    SEdiff = √(SEmean1^2 + SEmean2^2)

    SEm = SD/√(n-1)

    If only one SD is provided, you can use just that to determine SEdiff.

    Find table in the back of your statistics text labeled something like "areas under normal distribution" to find the proportion related to your Z score.

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