calculus

Find the value of the limit.( use L'hospital rule)

lim (tanx/x)^(1/x^2)
x>0

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  1. In consideration of the power (1/x^2), we can evaluate using l'Hopital's rule:
    k = limit of the logarithm of the given expression

    The limit of the given expression will then be L = ek

    k
    =lim(x->0){(log(tan(x))-log(x))/x²}

    Since we end up in a fraction where both numerator and denominator evaluate to zero when x->0, we can use l'Hopital's rule.

    We differentiate the numerator to get:
    N1=sec²(x)/tan(x) - 1/x
    which evaluates to ∞-∞ as x->0
    Differentiate the denominator to get
    D1=2x which evaluates to zero as x->0

    Repeat the same exercise to get:
    N2=2sec²(x) + 1/x^sup2 - sec4(x)/tan²(x)
    As x->0, 2sec²(x) evaluates to 2
    while
    1/x^sup2 - sec4(x)/tan²(x) evaluates to ∞-∞.

    Express the latter expression as:
    1/x^sup2 - sec4(x)/tan²(x)
    = (x²sec²(x)-tan²(x)) / tan(x)x²
    and evaluate again by l'hopital's rule:
    n1=(2sec(x)^2-4x^2sec(x)^4)tan(x) - 2xsec(x)^4
    d1=2xtan(x)^2+2x^2sec(x)^2tan(x)
    Both evaluate to zero, so we apply l'Hopital's rule again until both evaluate to a finite value, in fact,
    n4=-32, and d4=24
    Therefore
    N2 = 2 - 32/24 = 2/3

    The denominator becomes 2 after differentiation:
    D2=2

    Thus the limit of the logarithm of the given expression is
    N2/D2=(2/3)/2 = 1/3

    The limit of the given expression can be obtained by taking the anti-logarithm of 1/3, namely
    e(1/3)

    Check my work.

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  2. Hi, that's the correct answer but i couldn't follow with what you did. what is sup means? and what's n1 and N1. Could you please elaborate more in details? thanks alot.

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