Chemistry

What is the molar heat of reaction?
When 0.732 g of Ca metal is added to 200.0 mL of 0.500 M HCl(aq), a temperature increase of 119C is observed.
Assume the solution's final volume is 200.0 mL, the density is 1.00 g/mL, and the heat capacity is 4.184 J/gC.
(Note: Pay attention to significant figures. Do not round until the final answer.)
The molar heat of reaction, H rxn , for the reaction of

Ca(s) + 2H+(aq) Ca2+(aq) + H2(g)

is ? kJ/mol



So, I believe i use the equation q=m*s*delta T

and i divide it by n (solute)?

I keep getting the wrong answer. Please help

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asked by Chris
  1. Use the temperature rise, mass and specific heat of the final product to determine the heat release. Divide that by the number of moles of the reactant calcium. (I am assuming that Ca is the limiting reactant, and disappears; this should be checked)

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    posted by drwls
  2. btw, i meant to write 11.9C not 119.

    i work it like this:

    200ml(1g/ml)(4.184J/C)(11.9C)

    then divide by (40.078g/mol/.732g)

    i get the wrong answer though

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    posted by Chris
  3. Divide first by 0.732 to give H/gram, then multiply by 40.078 to obtain H/mol. That will give you the right answer.

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    posted by DrBob222
  4. i get 545 but i'm not getting the right answer

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    posted by Chris
  5. nvm its -545. not quite sure why its exothermic

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    posted by Chris
  6. oh and thank you guys

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    posted by Chris

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