Management Accounting

Victoria Kite Company, a small Melbourne firm that sells kites on the Web wants a master budget for the next three months, beginning January 1, 2005. It desires an ending minimum cash balance of $5,000 each month. Sales are forecasted at an average wholesale selling price of $8 per kite.

In January, Victoria Kite is beginning just-in-time (JIT) deliveries from suppliers, which means that purchases equal expected sales.

On January 1, purchases will cease until inventory reaches $6,000, after which time purchases will equal sales. Merchandise costs average $4 per kite. Purchases during any given month are paid in full during the following month. All sales are on credit, payable within 30 days, but experience has shown that 60% of current sales are collected in the current month, 30% in the next month, and 10% in the month thereafter. Bad debts are negligible.

Monthly operating expenses are as follows:

___________________________________________________________

Wages and Salaries $15,000

Insurance expired $125

Depreciation $250

Miscellaneous $2,500

Rent @250/month + 10% of quarterly sales over $10,000

___________________________________________________________

Cash dividends of $1,500 are to be paid quarterly, beginning January 15, and are declared on the fifteenth of the previous month. All operating expenses are paid as incurred, Except insurance, depreciation, and rent. Rent of $250 is paid at the beginning of each month, and the additional 10% of sales is paid quarterly on the tenth of the month following the end of the quarter. The next settlement is due January 10.

The company plans to buy some new fixtures for $3,000 cash in March.

Money can be borrowed and repaid in multiples of $500 at an interest rate of 10% per annum.

Management wants to minimize borrowing and repay rapidly. Interest is computed and paid when the principle is repaid. Assume that borrowing occurs at the beginning, and repayments at the end, of the months in question. Money is never borrowed at the beginning and repaid at the end of the same month. Compute interest to the nearest dollar.

Assets as of December 31, 2004

Cash $5,000

Accounts receivable $12, 500

Inventory* $39,050

Unexpired insurance $1,500

Fixed assets, net $12,500

$70,550

_________________________________________________________________

Liabilities as of December 31, 2004

Accounts payable (Merchandise) $35,550

Dividends payable $1,500

Rent payable $7,800

$44,850

· November 30 inventory balance = $16,000.

Recent and forecasted sales:

October …$38,000 December…$25,000 February…$75,000

April…$45,000 November….$25,000 January …..$62,000 March….$38,000

Prepare Master Budget

1. Prepare a master budget including a budgeted income statement, balance sheet, statement of cash receipts and disbursements, and supporting schedules for the months of January through March 2005.

2. Explain why there is a need for a bank loan and what operating sources provide the cash for the repayment of the bank loan.

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Explain why there is a need for a bank loan and what operating sources provide the cash for the repayment of the bank loan.

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  1. Explain why there is a need for a bank loan and what operating sources provide cash for the repayment of the bank loan

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