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calculus

Use the series for f of x equals 1 over the quantity 1 plus x squared to write the series for g(x) = tan–1(x).
A. C plus x minus x cubed over 3 plus x to the 5th power over 5 minus ...
B. C plus x minus x squared over 2 plus x cubed over 3 minus ...
C. C + 2 – 2x – 3x2 –
D. None of these

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  1. Recall that ∫ 1/(1+x^2) dx = arctan(x)
    so integrate the series for 1/(1+x^2) term by term

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    oobleck
  2. so B?

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  3. stop guessing and look up the series involved to confirm your work.

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    oobleck
  4. sorry i'm not guessing i'm just confused and need help.

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  5. 1/(1+x^2) = 1 - x^2 + x^4 - x^6 + ...
    integrating that, you get
    ∫ 1/(1+x^2) dx = x - x^3/3 + x^5/5 - x^7/7 + ...

    Now, if you check the series for arctan(x), you get
    arctan(x) = x - x^3/3 + x^5/5 - x^7/7 + ...

    ta-daa! choice A
    Now, why does it say C at the front?

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    oobleck

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