Consider the situation.

Scientists discovered a sedimentary layer of earth with high amounts of the element iridium. This layer was laid down about the time at which the dinosaurs went extinct. Iridium is rare in Earth’s rocks, but it is commonly found in meteorites. Scientists suggested that a large meteor impact caused a layer of dust to envelope Earth, which may have resulted in the extinction of the dinosaurs.

Which type of scientific reasoning is being described in the situation?

1.deductive reasoning
2.inductive reasoning
3.scientific empiricism
4.scientific rationalism

I think the answer is either 3 or 4

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  1. its not 3

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  2. its not 4 either

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  3. well what is it then?

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  4. option 1 and 2

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  5. the correct answer is "Inductive reasoning", just took the exam :)

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  6. Scientists find evidence of a large meteor impact on the coast of the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. What can the scientists most likely expect to find in the layers of rock that are about the same age as the impact?

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