Chemistry

If 38.5 mL of 8.9 ✕ 10-3 M HBr is added to 27.0 mL of 4.6 ✕ 10-3 M LiOH, what is the pH of the solution?

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  1. I got pH = 2.48 ... Please show some effort in solving problem.

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    posted by Doc48
  2. I get a pH of 3.66

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  3. The pH is 2.47. The above didn’t convert back to total molarity of the acid.

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  4. 38.5-ml(8.9E-3M HBr) + 27.0-ml(4.6E-3M LiOH) => ?pH of final mix
    => 0.0385(8.9E-3)mole HBr + 0.027(4.6E-3)mole LiOH
    => (3.43E-4) mole HBr + (1.24E-4) mole LiOH
    => (2.188E-4) mole HBr (in excess)* + (1.24E-4) mole LiBr + (1.24E-4) mole H₂O
    *LiOH is Limiting Reactant in the HBr + LiOH => LiBr + H₂O Rxn leaving HBr in excess.
    [HBr] = 2.188E-4 mole HBr(aq)/(38.5+27.0)ml = (2.188E-4 mole HBr)/(0.0655-L soln) = 0.00334M HBr
    LiBr ions do not hydrolyze in aqueous solution, therefore, the final mix pH is due to the 0.00334 M HBr that delivers 0.00334 M H⁺ ions as a strong acid ionizing 100%.
    => pH(final mix) = -log[H⁺] = -log(0.00334) = 2.476

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    posted by Doc48

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