Chemistry

The volume of 10 ml of H2SO4 solution was diluted
250 ml with distilled water. This resulting solution, 25 ml were neutralized by 10 ml of 0.1 mol/L solution of NaOH. calculate the Molarity of sulfuric acid.

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  1. You need to be careful how you write questions; I think you meant that 10 mL H2SO4 was diluted TO 250 mL with DW. I'll assume that's what you meant.

    2NaOH + H2SO4 ==> Na2SO4 + 2H2O

    mols NaOH = M x L = 0.1 x 0.01 = 0.001.
    mols H2SO4 in that 25 mL aliquot = 1/2 x 0.001 = 0.0005 (because you see 2 mol NaOH = 1 mol H2SO4).
    Since that 25 mL aliquot was 1/10 of the 250 mL solution, the 0.0005 x 10 must be the amount inf the 250 mL flask. And that 0.005 mols H2SO4 must be what's in the 10 mL solution you started with. Now
    M H2SO4 = mols H2SO4/L H2SO4 = 0.005/0.01 = ? Check my calculations. Easy to get mixed up when typing so many zeros. I like to work in millimols to avoid that problem; i.e.,
    mmols NaOH = mL x M = 10 x 0.1 = 1
    mmols H2SO4 = 1/2 that or 0.5 and that's the amount in the 25 mL aliquot. That makes 5 mmols (10x that) in the 10 mL.
    Then M = mmols/mL = 5/10 = 0.5. I got the same answer. How about that.

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