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11. Identify which fact about the amendment process best supports this quotation from the textbook.
The formal amendment process emphasizes the federal character of the governmental system.
(1 point)
Amending the Constitution is a complex process that usually takes years to accomplish.
Congress sends very few amendments on to the states for consideration.
The chief executive has the ability to influence the amendment process, but has no power to ratify amendments.
The national and state governments must work together to propose and ratify a constitutional amendment.
12. Read this excerpt from the U.S. Constitution.
To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water; To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;
–Article I, Section 8
This section of the Constitution relates to (1 point)
the implied powers of the executive branch.
the expressed powers of the executive branch.
the implied powers of the legislative branch.
the expressed powers of the legislative branch.
13. Read this excerpt from the textbook:
In 1952, at the height of the Korean War, a labor dispute threatened to shut down the nation’s steel industry and imperil the war effort. To avert a strike, President Harry Truman, acting as commander in chief, ordered the Secretary of Commerce to seize and operate several steel mills. But the Supreme Court found that here the President had overstepped his constitutional authority. It held that only Congress, acting under its commerce power, could authorize the seizure of private property in time of war, and it had not done so.
This is an example of (1 point)
the judicial branch limiting the legislative branch.
the legislative branch limiting the executive branch.
the judicial branch limiting the executive branch.
the legislative branch limiting the judicial branch.
14. Read this quote from Alexander Hamilton.
The interpretation of the laws is the proper and peculiar province of the courts. A constitution is, in fact, and must be regarded by the judges as a fundamental law. . . . If there should happen to be an irreconcilable variance between the two . . . the Constitution ought to be preferred to the statute. . . .
–Alexander Hamilton, The Federalist No. 78
Hamilton's statement is fundamental to which concept? (1 point)
judicial review
federalism
limited government
popular sovereignty
15. Read this excerpt from the textbook:
During the years the Articles of Confederation were in force (1781–1789), there were no national courts and no national judiciary. The laws of the United States were interpreted and applied as each State saw fit, and sometimes not at all. Disputes between States and between persons who lived in different States were decided, if at all, by the courts in one of the States involved. Often, decisions by the courts in one State were ignored by courts in the other States.
This excerpt from the textbook explains why (1 point)
delegates to the Constitutional Convention wanted checks and balances among the branches of government.
the Framers of the Articles of Confederation felt there was no need for a national judiciary.
the Framers of the Constitution thought it was important to have a national judiciary.
many members of Congress felt there was no need for a strong federal government.
16. Many states refused to ratify the Constitution unless (1 point)
it established a one-house legislature with each state equally represented.
Congress promised to ban the slave trade at once.
a general listing of the rights of the people were added to it.
it stipulated that the provisions of the Bill of Rights would apply to both the states and the national government.
17. Which of the following examples is not grounds for losing one's American citizenship? (1 point)
attaining citizenship in another country, such as Great Britain
marrying a citizen of a foreign country
serving as an officer in the armed forces of a foreign country
taking an oath to a foreign state to accept employment there

11.D
12.D
13.B
14.A
15.C
16.C
17.B

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