psychology

For Vina, cigarettes reduce feelings of tension and anxiety. Because of her heavy smoking, however, she has a bad morning cough and breathing difficulties. How can the principles of operant conditioning help to explain the development and continuation of Vina's self-defeating smoking habit? Explain the extent to which the reinforcement for Vina's habit is positive or negative, primary or conditioned, immediate or delayed, partial or continuous.

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  2. 👎
  3. 👁
  1. The reduction of tension and anxiety is immediate and negative.

    1. 👍
    2. 👎
  2. nope

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    2. 👎

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