For Vina, cigarettes reduce feelings of tension and anxiety. Because of her heavy smoking, however, she has a bad morning cough and breathing difficulties. How can the principles of operant conditioning help to explain the development and continuation of Vina's self-defeating smoking habit? Explain the extent to which the reinforcement for Vina's habit is positive or negative, primary or conditioned, immediate or delayed, partial or continuous.

  1. 👍
  2. 👎
  3. 👁
  1. The reduction of tension and anxiety is immediate and negative.

    1. 👍
    2. 👎
  2. nope

    1. 👍
    2. 👎

Respond to this Question

First Name

Your Response

Similar Questions

  1. Health

    1. Your respiratory system is the system in your body that is responsible for breathing. True False 2. The lungs are made up of thick fibrous tissue. True False 3. Internal respiration takes place in the alveoli. True False 4. The

  2. Life orientation

    Suggest two things that one can do before writing the test or examination to reduce anxiety or stress

  3. statistics

    The Computer Anxiety Rating Scale (CARS) measures an individuals level of computer anxiety, on a scale from 20 (no anxiety) to 100 (highest level of anxiety). Researchers at Miami University administered CARS to 172 business

  4. Psy

    A researcher is measuring the heart rate of subjects as an index of anxiety. In this study, heart rate is 1) negatively correlated with anxiety 2) an independent variable 3) an operational definition of anxiety 4) a confounded

  1. Math

    If Gasp cigarettes have 5 mG tar and 0.4 mG nicotine per cigarette and there are 20 cigarettes per pack, how many packs of cigarettes would have to be smoked to coat your lungs with 8 oz of tar? How many packs would you have to

  2. Statistics

    The Computer Anxiety Rating Scale (CARS) measures an individual's level of computer anxiety, on a scale from 20 ( no anxiety) to 100 (highest level of anxiety). Researchers at Miami University administered CARS to 172 business

  3. English

    1-2. My uncle decided to splurge and _____with a country club because golf is his favorite____.(affiliate,deficit) 3-4. Gail didn't ____from smoking cigarettes until her employer made not smoking ____.Keeping her job was a very

  4. Statistics

    The nicotine content in cigarettes of a certain brand is normally distributed with mean (in milligrams) μ and standard deviation σ = 0.1. The brand advertises that the mean nicotine content of their cigarettes is 1.5, but

  1. mathematics

    A large hotel chain is trying to decide whether to convert more of its rooms to non-smoking rooms. In a random sample of 400 guests last year, 166 had requested non-smoking rooms. This year, 205 guests in a sample of 380 preferred

  2. Stats

    Research shows that 14% of 6th graders in K-6 schools have tried cigarettes and 61% of 7th graders in 8-9 or 7-9 middle schools have tried cigarettes. what is the absolute increase to the nearest percent? A. 77% B. 336% C. 436% D.

  3. Health

    Since 1964, the number of cigarettes smoked has A. increased dramatically. B. decreased to near zero. C. remained steady. D. declined steadily.***** Anti-smoking ads are an example of A. the influence of friends. B. the influence

  4. psychology

    When anxiety occurs in brief but very intense episodes that usually consist of a pounding heart, sensations of choking, shaking, and feelings of impending death, a diagnosis of ________ may potentially be made.

You can view more similar questions or ask a new question.