The Haber-Bosch process, devised in the early 20th century, revolutionized global industry. It provides a way of “fixing” atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia, allowing for the production of fertilizers and the many nitrogen-based chemicals we use today. The reaction is carried out in numerous industrial facilities all over the world:

𝑁2(𝑔) + 3𝐻2(𝑔) → 2𝑁𝐻3(𝑔) , ∆𝐻 < 0


Under what conditions would this reaction ideally take place? Explain three different factors or considerations that would help increase the production of ammonia.

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