Critical Thinking

I think i have some of the answers right but i need help, b/c although i keep reading over the chapter and highlighting the vocab word the definition is not clear to me. Can someone help please?

1
A(n) is a set of claims intended to support or prove a conclusion.


2
A(n) is a statement that is either true or false.


3
A(n) is a claim in an argument, which the rest of the argument is intended to support.


4
A(n) is a word or phrase - "thus," "therefore" - that shows that a conclusion is up ahead.


5
A(n) is a true, non-subjective, factual claim.


6
A(n) claim is a claim about a matter of fact.


7
A(n) or factual issue is an one whose truth can be settled by an agreed-on method for collecting evidence, the truth about which is a fact, and disagreement about which means that at least one of the people is mistaken.


8
A(n) is a point being debated; a question that is raised when assessing the truth or falsity of a statement.


9
A(n) or nonfactual issue is one which cannot be settled by any established or obvious method.


10
A(n) is something that someone believes, which may be true or false.


11
A(n) is a claim in an argument, intended to support the conclusion.


12
A(n) is a word or phrase - "because," "since" - that indicates the appearance of an argument's premise.


13
The is the premise of an argument.


14
is the confused and unsupportable belief that everyone's opinion on a factual issue is "right."

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  1. First of all, is each number referring to a specific claim? If so, where is that claim? When it comes to a definition, don't forget a good dictionary! You will not only get a definition but often synonyms (that you WILL recognize), antonyms and even example sentences in a good dictionary.

    Sra

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  2. its

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  3. what is a true non factual claim

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  4. Results Reporter
    Out of 14 questions, you answered 14 correctly, for a final grade of 100%.
    14 correct (100%)
    0 incorrect (0%)
    0 unanswered (0%)
    ________________________________________
    Your Results:



    1 CORRECT A(n) is a set of claims intended to support or prove a conclusion.

    The Correct Answer: argument
    Your Answer: argument

    An argument is a set of claims. One claim is the conclusion and all the others are the premises given as reasons in support of it.




    2 CORRECT A(n) is a statement that is either true or false.

    The Correct Answer: claim
    Your Answer: claim

    A claim expresses a belief, opinion, assertion, etc. which has a truth value (even if that value is unknown).




    3 CORRECT A(n) is a claim in an argument, which the rest of the argument is intended to support.

    The Correct Answer: conclusion
    Your Answer: conclusion

    A conclusion is "the point." It's what all the premises aim at proving or supporting.




    4 CORRECT A(n) is a word or phrase - "thus," "therefore" - that shows that a conclusion is up ahead.

    The Correct Answer: conclusion indicator
    Your Answer: conclusion indicator

    Although usually absent in normal conversation, a conclusion indicator serves as a sign that points to what the argument is trying to convince us of.




    5 CORRECT A(n) is a true, non-subjective, factual claim.

    The Correct Answer: fact
    Your Answer: fact

    A fact is the way the world really works, and a non-subjective claim is true when the correspondence between the fact and the claim is accurate.




    6 CORRECT A(n) claim is a claim about a matter of fact.

    The Correct Answer: non-subjective
    Your Answer: non-subjective

    A factual claim is non-subjective because it can be checked by anyone using commonly accepted standards and found to be true or false.




    7 CORRECT A(n) or factual issue is an one whose truth can be settled by an agreed-on method for collecting evidence, the truth about which is a fact, and disagreement about which means that at least one of the people is mistaken.

    The Correct Answer: non-subjective
    Your Answer: non-subjective

    A factual issue will meet both of the following criteria: (1) there are established methods for settling the matter, and (2) if two people disagree about the issue, at least one of them must be wrong.




    8 CORRECT A(n) is a point being debated; a question that is raised when assessing the truth or falsity of a statement.

    The Correct Answer: issue
    Your Answer: issue

    An issue arises when the truth of a claim is questioned. The pro and con sides are argued and weighed with the aim of discovering which side is better supported.




    9 CORRECT A(n) or nonfactual issue is one which cannot be settled by any established or obvious method.

    The Correct Answer: subjective
    Your Answer: subjective

    Issues having a subjective character are private, such as how red looks to you, how your headache feels to you, how cuddly your cat seems to you (notice these qualitative states of mind are always how something appears to you, and only you). There is no known method for sharing your experience of pain, etc. with anyone else. Therefore, there is no way to settle the "fact of the matter" objectively.




    10 CORRECT A(n) is something that someone believes, which may be true or false.

    The Correct Answer: opinion
    Your Answer: opinion

    Opinions come in many degrees of justification. As a rule of thumb; the more an opinion is critically analyzed, the more one is justified in holding it.




    11 CORRECT A(n) is a claim in an argument, intended to support the conclusion.

    The Correct Answer: premise
    Your Answer: premise

    Premises are the reasons given to justify accepting the conclusion in the support/demonstration relationship called "argument."




    12 CORRECT A(n) is a word or phrase - "because," "since" - that indicates the appearance of an argument's premise.

    The Correct Answer: premise indicator
    Your Answer: premise indicator

    Most of the time, premise indicators are used, in ways such as: "You'll need an umbrella (the conclusion) because (the premise indicator) it is raining (the premise)." But sometimes they are lacking. For example, "We should get out (the conclusion), the theater is on fire (the premise)." Sometimes a lot more is missing, such as "Fire!"




    13 CORRECT The is the premise of an argument.


    The Correct Answer: reason
    Your Answer: reason

    Without at least one good reason to support the conclusion, no argument is possible.




    14 CORRECT is the confused and unsupportable belief that everyone's opinion on a factual issue is "right."

    The Correct Answer: Subjectivism
    Your Answer: Subjectivism

    Take, for example, this unknowable fact: God exists or God doesn't exist. If, in your opinion, he doesn't exist, your opinion doesn't thereby snap him out of existence if he, in fact, exists. Conversely, if, in your opinion, he does exist, your opinion doesn't thereby snap him into existence if he, in fact, doesn't exist. If one person's opinion is that God exists and another's that he doesn't, reality doesn't bifurcate with God in one world and no God in the other.


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