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Algebra

Under ideal conditions, a population of e. coli bacteria can double every 20 minutes. This behavior can be modeled by the exponential function:
N(t)=N(lower case 0)(2^0.05t)

If the initial number of e. coli bacteria is 5, how many bacteria will be present in 4 hours?

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  1. I am having a hard time trying to figure this out. I have watched a video on how to do it but unable to understand. If i know what to put where in the equation I would be able to figure it out. I know I have to change 4 hours to 240 minutes.

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  2. The equation would be:

    n(t) = 5 (2^(t/20) , where t is in minutes
    (note that t/20 = (1/20)t = .05t)

    So they want the count after 4 hrs or 240 minutes

    n(240) = 5 (2^(240/20))
    = 5 (2^12)
    = 5(4096)
    = 20480

    you could do this the long way:
    now --- 5
    after 20 min -- 10
    after 40 min -- 20
    after 60 min -- 40
    after 80 min -- 80
    after 100 min -- 160
    after 120 min -- 320
    after 140 min -- 640
    after 160 min -- 1280
    after 180 min -- 2560
    after 200 min -- 5120
    after 220 min -- 10240
    after 240 min or after 4 hrs -- 20480

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