Chemistry

An aqueous solution of 0.25 M silver nitrate, AgNO3, and 0.25 M iron(II) nitrate, Fe(NO3)2, are allowed to come to equilibrium in the following chemical reaction:
Ag+(aq) + Fe2+(aq) Fe3 + (aq) + Ag(s)
If the equilibrium constant, Kc, for the reaction is 3.0 × 10-3, what is the equilibrium concentration of Fe3+?
A. 1.2 × 10-2 M
B. 1.9 × 10-4 M
C. 7.5 × 10-4 M
D. 4.8 × 10-2 M

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  1. The problem isn't clear but I will assume that is 0.25M AgNO3 and 0.25M Fe(NO3)2 AFTER they are mixed; otherwise each will be diluted by the other.

    
......Ag+aq + Fe2+aq => Fe3+aq + Ag(s) I...0.25M...0.25M........0........0
    C...-x........-x.........x........x
    E..0.025-x...0.025-x.....x........x

    Substitute the E line into Kc expression and solve for x. Note that Ag(s) is NOT a part of the Kc expression. Post your work if you get stuck.

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  2. I did exactly what you said to do and I got the answer wrong. I Got A but the answer was B. Please explain.

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  3. First, I made a typo and didn't see it (on both 0.25 numbers) and I'm glad you picked that up. Here is the problem.
    You included (Ag)solid as part of the Kc expression which I warned you not to do.
    That should be 3E-3 = (x)/(0.25-x)^2 and solve. You get a quadratic and the answer comes out x = 1.875E-4 M which rounds to 1.9E-4 M. Sorry about the typos but kudos to you for picking that up. Remember solids and pure liquids are not considered part of K expression (actually they can be but by definition they are 1.0).

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  4. You did it again Bob. WOW

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