Chemistry Dr. Bob222

Ok, UMMMM I thought I was good.. Till now..

Ok, For Cup C
Mass of cup,water,stirrer: 55.15
Mass of sodium bicarbonate: 2.02g
mass of citric acid: 0.77g
total mass: 57.94g
mass of cup,solution, stirrer after reaction: 57.64
difference (CO2): 0.30g

Part B: Limiting Reactants
Plastic Cup C
7. Determine which reactant is the limiting reactant in the plastic cup C. Describe your reasoning.

You know I know how to calculate the TY and AY and %Y now, but I'm confused on the finding limiting reactant? umm Let me see if I can figure it out and you let me know if I'm on the right track...
2.02g NaHCO3 mols = 2.02/84 = 0.0240 mols
the ratio is 3/1 for NaHCO3toH3C6H5O7 so do I do 0.0240/3 = citric acid? 0.008 moles citric acid? so since citric acid is smaller but it requires 3 of sodium bicarbonate, would that be the limiting reactant? because it takes more of them? am I figuring this out right?

8. Calculate the theoretical yield of carbon dioxide in the plastic cup C.
2.02/84=0.0240 *44 = 1.056 TY??

9. Calculate the percentage yield in the plastic cup C.

AY = 0.30/1.056 TY = 0.284*100 = 28.4% ?? is this right?

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  1. You know I know how to calculate the TY and AY and %Y now, but I'm confused on the finding limiting reactant? umm Let me see if I can figure it out and you let me know if I'm on the right track...
    2.02g NaHCO3 mols = 2.02/84 = 0.0240 mols
    the ratio is 3/1 for NaHCO3toH3C6H5O7 so do I do 0.0240/3 = citric acid? 0.008 moles citric acid? so since citric acid is smaller but it requires 3 of sodium bicarbonate, would that be the limiting reactant? because it takes more of them? am I figuring this out right?
    I can't tell which you're calling the LR. Citric acid is the LR. Based on you 2.02 g it requires 0.008 mols citric acid and you have only 0.004 so you don't have enough citric acid and that makes it the LR.

    8. Calculate the theoretical yield of carbon dioxide in the plastic cup C.
    2.02/84=0.0240 *44 = 1.056 TY??
    If citric acid is the LR then you should use it to determine the theoretical yield. This calls into question some of the earlier answers since I didn't check them for the LR bit. But it stands to reason that if 1 g NaHCO3 is equivalent to 0.76 g citric acid then if you start with 2.02 g NaHCO3 it will take more than 0.76 g citric acid and there isn't enough there to do anything except with 1g NaHCO3.

    9. Calculate the percentage yield in the plastic cup C.

    AY = 0.30/1.056 TY = 0.284*100 = 28.4% ?? is this right?
    TY needs to be recalculated.

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