finance

It’s been two months since you took a position as an assistant financial analyst at Caledonia Products.
Although your boss has been pleased with your work, he is still a bit hesitant about unleashing you
without supervision. Your next assignment involves both the calculation of the cash flows associated
with a new investment under consideration and the evaluation of several mutually exclusive projects.
Given your lack of tenure at Caledonia, you have been asked not only to provide a recommendation,
but also to respond to a number of questions aimed at judging your understanding of the capitalbudgeting
process. The memorandum you received outlining your assignment follows:
TO: The Assistant Financial Analyst
FROM: Mr. V. Morrison, CEO, Caledonia Products
RE: Cash Flow Analysis and Capital Rationing
We are considering the introduction of a new product. Currently we are in the 34 percent marginal
tax bracket with a 15 percent required rate of return or cost of capital. This project is
expected to last five years and then, because this is somewhat of a fad project, to be terminated.
The following information describes the new project:
Cost of new plant and equipment: $7,900,000
Shipping and installation costs: $ 100,000
Unit sales: Year Units Sold
1 70,000
2 120,000
3 140,000
4 80,000
5 60,000
Sales price per unit: $300/unit in years 1–4, $260/unit in year 5
Variable cost per unit: $180/unit
Annual fixed costs: $200,000
Working-capital requirements: There will be an initial working-capital requirement of $100,000 just to get
production started. For each year, the total investment in net working capital will be equal to 10 percent of the
dollar value of sales for that year. Thus, the investment in working capital will increase during years 1 through 3,
then decrease in year 4. Finally, all working capital is liquidated at the termination of the project at the end of
year 5.
The depreciation method: Use the simplified straight-line method over five years. It is assumed that the plant and
equipment will have no salvage value after five years.
1. Should Caledonia focus on cash flows or accounting profits in making our capital-budgeting
decisions? Should we be interested in incremental cash flows, incremental profits, total free
cash flows, or total profits?
2. How does depreciation affect free cash flows?
3. How do sunk costs affect the determination of cash flows?
4. What is the project’s initial outlay?
I N T E G R AT I V E P R O B L E M
Prentice Hall. Copyright © 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Financial Management: Principles and Applications, Tenth Edition by Arthur J. Keown, John D. Martin, J. William Petty, and David F. Scott, Jr. Published by Pearson
ISBN: 0-536-18213-2
CHAPTER 10 CASH FLOWS AND OTHER T O P I C S I N C A P I TAL BUDGETING 363
5. What are the differential cash flows over the project’s life?
6. What is the terminal cash flow?
7. Draw a cash flow diagram for this project.
8. What is its net present value?
9. What is its internal rate of return?
10. Should the project be accepted? Why or why not?

  1. 👍 0
  2. 👎 0
  3. 👁 309
  1. What is the firm’s weighted-average cost of capital at various combinations of
    debt and equity,

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  2. It’s been 2 months since you took a position as an assistant analyst at Caledonia Products. Although your boss has been pleased with your work, he is still a bit hesitant about unleashing you without supervision. Your next assignment involves both the calculation of the cash flows associated projects. Given your lack of tenure at Caledonia, you have asked not only to provide a recommendation but also to respond to a number of questions aimed at judging your understanding of the capital-budgeting process. The memorandum you record outlining your assignment follows:
    TO: The Assistant Financial Analyst
    FROM: Mr. V. Morrison, CEO, Caledonia Products
    RE: Cash Flow Analysis and Capital Rationing
    We are considering the introduction of a new product. Currently we are in the 34 percent marginal tax bracket with a 15 percent required rate of return or cost of capital. This project is expected to last 5 years and then, because this is somewhat of a fad product, be terminated. The following information describes the new project:
    Cost of plant and equipment $7,900,000
    Shipping and installation costs $10,000
    Unit sales
    Year Units sold
    1 70,000
    2 120,000
    3 140,000
    4 80,000
    5 60,000
    Sales price per unit $300/unit in years 1 through 4, $260/unit in year 5
    Variable cost per unit $180/unit
    Annual fixed costs $200,000
    Working-capital requirement There will be an initial working-capital requirement of $100,000 just to get production started. For each year, the total investment in net working capital will be equal to 10 percent of the dollar value of sales for that year. Thus, the investment in working capital will increase during years 1 through 3, then decrease in year 4. Finally, all working capital is liquidated at the termination of the project at the end of year 5.
    The depreciation method Use the simplified straight-line method over 5 years, Assume that the plant and equipment will have no salvage value after 5 years.

    a. Should Caledonia focus on cash flows or accounting profits in making its capital-budgeting decisions? Should the company be interested in incremental cash flows, incremental profits, total free cash flows, or total profits?
    b. How does depreciation affect free cash flows?
    c. How do sunk costs affect the determination of cash flows?
    d. What is the project’s initial outlay?
    e. What are the differential cash flows over the project’s life?
    f. What is the terminal cash flows?
    g. Draw a cash flow diagram for this project.
    h. What is its net present value?
    i. What is its internal rate of return?
    j. Should the project be accepted? Why or why not?
    K. In capital budgeting, risk can be measured from three perspectives. What are those three measures of a project’s risk?
    l. According to the CAPM, which measurement of a project’s risk is relevant? What complications does reality introduce into the CAPM view of risk, and what does that mean for our view of the relevant measure of a project’s risk?
    m. Explain how simulation works. What is the value in using a simulation approach?
    n. What is sensitivity analysis and what is its purpose?
    _________________________________________________________________________________

    12. Caledonia is considering two additional mutually exclusive projects. The cash flows associated with these projects are as follows:
    YEAR PROJECT A PROJECT B
    0 −$100,000 −$100,000
    1 32,000 0
    2 32,000 0
    3 32,000 0
    4 32,000 0
    5 32,000 $200,000
    The required rate of return on these projects is 11 percent.
    a. What is each project's payback period?
    b. What is each project's net present value?
    c. What is each project's internal rate of return?
    d. What has caused the ranking conflict?
    e. Which project should be accepted? Why?

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0

Respond to this Question

First Name

Your Response

Similar Questions

  1. Accounting 1

    Match each of the following characteristics that describe financial accounting, managerial accounting, both financial and managerial accounting, or neither financial nor managerial accounting. A. Financial accounting B. Managerial

  2. Accounting 1

    Match each of the following characteristics that describe financial accounting, managerial accounting, both financial and managerial accounting, or neither financial nor managerial accounting. A. Financial accounting B. Managerial

  3. MGF 1106

    Four accounting majors, two economics majors, and three marketing majors have interviewed for five different managerial positions with a large company. Find the number of different ways that five of these people could be hired if

  4. Math

    When Bruce started bowling, he won 1/4 of the games he played. Within six months, he was winning 7/16 of his games. If he improves at the same rate, what fraction of his games should he expect to win after another six months? I

  1. math

    Mrs. Diaz wishes to save at least $1500 in 12 months. If she save $300 during the first 4 months, what is the least possible average amount that she must save in each of the remaining 8 months? After 4 months, 4 x 300 = $1200 will

  2. Social studies

    What is a major risk of using a financial institution? A. The financial institution may fail entirely. B. Financial institutions may choose not to pay investors back C. Investors can be unable to withdraw money when they need it

  3. math

    mr. Rodriguez, a college instructor, can grade his class papers in 3 hours while it takes his assistant 4 1/2 hours. If Mr. Rodriguez graded the papers for 1 hour and then left the job for his assistant to complete, how long will

  4. Personal Finance

    The financial planning process concludes with efforts to: A. review and revise your actions. B. create a financial plan of action. C. analyze your current personal and financial situation. D. review the financial plan. I believe

  1. MATH

    A market analyst creates a taste test to be conducted in a local shopping mall. The experiment asks 500 participants to select which of 2 soft drinks they prefer. The drinks are the same color and in similar cups. Participants

  2. investing

    Which of the following statements is true about financial planning? A. Any kind of financial expert (such as a stockbroker, lawyer, or accountant) can help you develop a comprehensive financial plan. B. Once you have painstakingly

  3. economics

    1. In an article about the financial problems of USA Today, Newsweek reported that the paper was losing about $20 million a year. A Wall Street analyst said that the paper should raise its price from 50 cents to 75 cents, which he

  4. economics

    In the article about the financial problems of USA Today, Newsweek reported that the paper was losing about $20million a year. A Wall Street analyst said that the paper should raise its price from 50 cents to 75 cents, which he

You can view more similar questions or ask a new question.