carbon dioxide dissolves in water to form carbonic acid. Estimate the thermodynamic equilibrium constanst (K) for this reaction (delta Gf values: H2CO3= - 616.1, H2O= - 237.1, CO2= - 394.4) .
Carbonic acid then ionizes in water (Ka1= 4.5 x 10^-7). Ignoring Ka2, estimate (K) for the overall process by which CO2 and H2O form H and HCO3.
What is the pressure of CO2 in equilibrium with carbonated water at 25 C and PH= 4.60?