Spanish for John

Spanish for John. Direct-object pronouns:

SINGLE OBJECT PRONOUNS: (what you learn first) and Heaven Help me if it won't cut & paste because then I'll have to retype everything!



l7. UN COMPLEMENTO SIMPLE

DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS

Ana no me visita. Ann does not visit me.
Ana no te visita. Ann does not visit you (fam.).
Ana no le visita. Ann does not visit him, you (m.). - en España
Ana no lo visita. Ann does not visit him, it, you, (m)
Ana no la visita. Ann does not visit her, it, you (f.)
Ana no nos visita. Ann does not visit us.
Ana no os visita. Ann does not visit you (fam. pl.).
Ana no los visita. Ann does not visit them, you (m. pl.)
Ana no las visita. Ann does not visit them, you (f. pl.)
Note

l. Either le or lo may be used to translate him.
2. The plural of le or lo is los.

No le visito. I do not visit him (you).
No los visito. I do not visit them (you).

INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS

Ana no me habla. Ann does not speak to me.
Ana no te habla. Ann does not speak to you (fam.)
Ana no le habla. Ann does not speak to him, to her, to you
Ana no nos habla. Ann does not speak to us.
Ana no os habla. Ann does not speak to you (fam. pl.)
Ana no les habla. Ann does not speak to them, to you (pl.)
The meanings of le and les may be clarified by adding a él, a ella, a Ud., a ellos (-as), a Uds. after the verb.

Ana le habla a él. Ann speaks to him.

POSITION OF OBJECT PRONOUNS

Object prnouns generally precede the verb.

Pedro no la ve. Peter doesn't see her.
Carmen les escribe. Carmen writes to them.

Exceptions

l. Affirmative command.

Tómelo Ud. Take it.
But
No lo tome Ud. Don't take it.

2. Infinitive.

Voy a tomarlo.
Or I am going to take it.
Lo voy a tomar.

3. Present participle.

Dolores estea tomándolo.
Or Dolores is taking it.
Dolores lo está tomando.

Note

Object pronouns follow and are attached to the affirmative command (but precede the negative command).
Object pronouns may either follow the infinitive and present participle or precede the verb on which they depend.
When an object pronoun is attached to the affirmative command or the present participle, a written accent mark is generally required on the vowel that is stressed.

LOS EJERCICIOS

A. Complete la traducción inglesa.

l. Lo tengo. I have ____________________________

2. No le comprendo. I do not understand __________________

3. Carmen los invita. Carmen invites _____________________

4. No puedo verlo. I can't see _________________________

5. Alberto las compra. Albert buys ________________________

6. Esoy abriéndolos. I am opening _______________________

7. No nos responde. He does not answer __________________

8. Le visita. He visits __________________________

9. No le conozco a Ud. I do not know _______________________

l0. Ayúdele Ud. Help ______________________________

ll. Le escribe a ella. He writes __________________________

l2. Va a hablarnos. He is going to speak __________________

l3. Me da muchos regalos. He gives ___________ many gifts.

l4. No les dé Ud. el dinero. Do not give _________ the money.

l5. Nos enseña a bailar. He teaches ___________ to dance.

B. Reescriba las frases siguientes en la forma negativa.

l. Escríbanles Uds. ________________________
2. Esceuchenle Uds. ________________________

3. Ayúdenos Ud. ________________________

4. Los he comprado. ________________________

5. Tómelo Ud. ________________________

C. Cambie las frases siguientes de la forma negative a la forma afirmativa.

l. No me diga Ud. ________________________

2. No lo coma Ud. ________________________

3. No le pregunte Ud. ________________________

4. No los tomen Uds. ________________________

5. No lo haga Ud. ________________________

D. Reescriba las frases siguientes, traduciendo las palabras inglesas al español y poniéndolas en sus posiciones correctas.

l. El profesor explica (it). _______________________________

2. Pedro siempre ayuda (me). _____________________________

3. Quieren ver (you). ___________________________________

4. Traiga Ud. (them). ___________________________________

5. Vendió el caballo (to us). _____________________________

6. Ana admira (her). ___________________________________

7. El maestro está leyendo un cuento (to them). ______________

8. Si vas al teatro, veré (you). ____________________________
9. Tomen Uds. (it). ________________________

l0. Si no sale esta noche, vendré a visitar (him).

___________________________________________________

ll. No ha escrito (to me). ________________________________

l2. ¿Oye Ud. (us)? _____________________________________

l3. No preste Ud. el dinero (to her). _________________________

l4. Estoy hablando (to you). ______________________________

l5. No habla (to him). __________________________________

E. Reescriba las frases siguientes, sustituyendo un complemento por las palabras impresas en el papel.

ejemplo: Tengo el libro. Lo tengo.

l. Hablo a María. _____________________________________

2. Deseo vender el reloj. ________________________________

3. No abran Uds. los cuadernos. ___________________________

4. ¿Conoce Ud. al niño? _________________________________

5. No visitaré a mis amigos. _____________________________

6. Yo hablé al profesor. _________________________________

7. Espere Ud. a Ana y a Dolores. ___________________________

8. Explicaré el caso a sus padres. _________________________

9. El muchacho no necesita el dinero. ______________________

l0. ¿Ve Ud. las montañas a lo lejos? _______________________
ll. Lola invita al hombre. ________________________________

l2. Deben respetar a la mujer. ___________________________

l3. La madre está escribiendo una carta a su hija.

__________________________________________________

l4. Lea Ud. la novela. ___________________________________

l5. El profesor está enseñando la lección a los alumnos.

__________________________________________________

F. Conteste las pregunta siguientes, usando los complementos.

ejemplo: ¿Escucha Ud. al profesor? Sí, le (lo) escucho.

l. ¿Desea Ud. vender su reloj?

___________________________________________________

2. ¿Ve Ud. a sus amigos todos los días?

___________________________________________________

3. ¿Tiene Ud. maletas? __________________________________

4. ¿Ayuda Ud. a su madre? _______________________________

5. ¿Escribe Ud. a sus primos? _____________________________

6. ¿Habla Ud. a su enemigo? ______________________________

7. ¿Comprende Ud. la lección? ____________________________

8. ¿Conoce Ud. a la señora Gómez? _________________________

9. ¿Invitó Ud. a Pablo y a Rosa? ___________________________

l0. ¿Aprende Ud. el español? ______________________________

G. Traduzca al españõl.

l. Write to me. ________________________________________

2. I do not understand you. _______________________________

3. Visit her. ________________________________________

4. Will you invite me? __________________________________

5. I have not spoken to him. ______________________________

6. We sent the money to you. _____________________________

7. Do not lend her the paper. ______________________________

8. He cannot see us. ____________________________________

9. Speak to them; do not speak to her. _______________________

l0. Do you want to sell them (fem.)? ________________________

ll. I am looking for it (masc.) ______________________________

l2. The teacher reads to us. _______________________________

l3. Tell them the truth. __________________________________

l4. Why are you looking at it (fem.)? ________________________

l5. We were waiting for you. ______________________________

(DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS to follow)

Sra

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  1. Sorry, it will NOT cut & paste. That means 10 pages to retype! I think I'll skip most of the exercises & just retype the explanation.

    Sra

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