U.S. History (Check, Please!)(REED)

posted by Victoria

1. What was the Doolittle Raid?

A: The Doolittle Raid was the first air raid by the United States on the Japanese capital Tokyo during WWII. Led by Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle, this raid had to be executed twelve hours early due to the U.S. carriers being discovered by the Japanese more than 150 millions from the launch site. The planes were successfully able to bomb the Japanese, but they did not have enough fuel to land in China. Hence, pilots and their crew had to bailed out or cash-land over Japan. Only 71 out of 80 crew members survived, but the raid instantly boosted the sagging morale of the American people.

2. Why was the Battle of Coral Sea important?

A: The Battle of Coral Sea was important because, during this battle, the United States was able to force the Japanese to call off their landing on the south coast of New Guinea, which enabled the U.S. to keep their supply lines to Australia open.

3. What was the impact of the Battle of Midway?

A: The Battle of Midway changed the momentum of the Japanese, for they lost four of their largest carriers that had served as the heart of their naval fleet, and enabled the U.S. to finally fight them back.

4. What was the Convoy System?

A: The convoy system was a system in which merchant ships traveled with naval vessels for protection.

5. What was D-Day?

A: D-Day was the day (June 6, 1944) in World War II on which the Allies invaded France by landing on the beaches of Normandy.

6. What was the Manhattan Project?

A: The Manhattan Project was a top secret project to build the atomic bomb.

7. Why did Truman drop the Atomic Bomb on Japan?

Truman dropped the Atomic Bomb on Japan because the Japanese wouldn’t surrender.

  1. Reed

    As usual, you are correct, but incomplete on some things. For question seven, the atomic bomb, President Truman said later that he knew that to invade Japan to finish the war would cost many, many American lives. To end the war quickly was his goal, and the atomic bomb seemed a viable option. I don't know if your text says that, but it's true.

    Also, proofread before you turn this in. We we protecting supply lines TO or FROM Australia? And were American aircraft carriers 150 million (what?) offshore? 150 million miles would put them in outer space. 150 million feet, yards? I think "million" is the wrong word.

    You are accurate about the Battle of Midway, but neglect to clearly state that it is believed to have been a turning point in the war, perehaps THE turning point. Japan had an advantage before that, but after Midway, we began to beat them back.

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