U.S. History (Ms. Sue) (Check, Please!)

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1. Why did U.S. leaders promote both international trade and free enterprise?

A: U.S. leaders believed economic growth through both international trade and free enterprise was the key to world peace and the best route to prosperity.

2. What did the Allies decide at Yalta?

A: At Yalta Conference, the Allies made many decisions. First, they decided to recongize the Polish government set up by the Soviets, which would include members of the prewar Polish government, and to hold free elections in Poland. Secondly, they decided to issue the Declaration of Liberated Europe, which asserted "the right of all people to choose the form of government under which they will live." Thirdly, they decided to divide Germany into four zones. Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and France would each control one zone. The same four countries would also divide the city of Berline, even though it was in the Soviet zone. And lastly, the Allies decided to force Germany to pay heavy reparatons for the war damage it caused.

3. Why did tensions grow between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II?

A: Tensions grew between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II because both countries had different goals for Eastern Europe. The Soviet Union also failed to keep their word and rejected the decisions made by the Allies at the Yalta Conference.

4. What long term Cold War strategy did the United States follow?

A: The United States used the policy of containing communism through international aid, diplomacy, and a
strong military.

5. How did the Long Telegram influence American policy?

A: The Long Telegram gave rise to the policy of containment-- keeping communism within its present territory through the use of diplomatic, economic, and military actions.

6. How did the Potsdam conference hurt Soviet-American relations?

A: The Potsdam conference hurt Soviet-American relations as it increased tensions between the Soviets and the Americans, further paving the way for the Cold War.

7. What were the goals of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan?

A: The goal of the Truman Doctrine was to aid "free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugatuion by armed minorities or by outside pressures." The goal of the Marshall Plan was to give European nations American aid to rebuild their economies.

8. What triggered the beginning of the Berlin airlift?

A: The Soviet blockade of West Berlin triggered the beginning of the Berlin aircraft.

9. How did the revolution in China affect American foreign policy with Japan?

A: The Chinese revolution brought about a significant change in American policy toward Japan. At the beginning of World War II, General Douglas MacArthur had taken charge of occupied Japan. His mission was to introduce democracy and keep Japan from threatening war ever again. Once the United States lost China as its chief ally in Asia, it adopted policies to encourage the rapid recovery of Japan's industrial economy. Just as the United States viewed West Germany as the key to defending all of Europe against communism, it saw Japan as the key to defending Asia.

10. How did President Truman view the Communist invasion of South Korea?

A: President Truman viewed the Communist invasion of South Korea as a test of the containment policy.

  • U.S. History (Ms. Sue) (Check, Please!) -

    1 -5 are fine. #6: You don't tell why or how the Potsdam conference made tensions worse, you just say it did. ?? 7 and 8 are good. There's a glaring error in #9; Japan was not occupied at the beginning of World War II, was it? The rest of your answer is good. $10 is a good answer.

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