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Health (Ms. Sue)

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Compare the effects of stimulants, depressants, opiates, and hallucinogens on the body and behavior.

A: 6. Depressants slow down a person’s behavior and the part of the central nervous system, which leads to symptoms such as drowsiness, relaxation, decreased inhibition, anesthesia, sleep, coma, and even death. Stimulants, however, are the exact opposite of depressants because a stimulant increases your alertness, excitation, euphoria, blood pressure and sleeplessness, causing severe brain damage, hearing loss and even death. Likewise, hallucinogens can basically be classified as a combination of both depressants and stimulants because hallucinogens cause a person to have memory loss like a depressant but also anxiety like a stimulant. However hallucinogens are the only drug that cause a person to have flashbacks which is when an addict sees or smells something that reminds them of when they were using and they are physically in reality but subconsciously back in that moment when they were using drugs. Furthermore, opiates are often used to relieve physical pain or high levels of anxiety, are highly addictive, and have severe side effects during withdrawal, similarly to depressants, stimulants, and hallucinogens. These drugs negatively affect the chemistry of the brain by halting the production of natural opiates, and result in abnormal levels of endorphins and a greater amount of pain after discontinuing the use of them. Similarly to these other drugs, if a person takes too much of a dosage of the opiates to compensate for the lack of natural endorphins, death may result?

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