# physics

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At low speeds (especially in liquids rather than gases), the drag force is proportional to the speed rather than it's square, i.e., F⃗ = −C1rv⃗ , where C1 is a constant. At time t = 0, a small ball of mass m is projected into a liquid so that it initially has a horizontal velocity of u in the +x direction as shown. The initial speed in the vertical direction (y) is zero. The gravitational acceleration is g. Consider the cartesian coordinate system shown in the figure (+x to the right and +y downwards).

Express the answer of the following questions in terms of some or all of the variables C1, r, m, g, vx, vy, u and t (enter C_1 for C1, v_x for vx and v_y for vy). Enter e^(-z) for exp(-z) (the exponential function of argument -z).

(a) What is component of the acceleration in the x direction as a function of the component of the velocity in the x direction vx? express your answer in terms of vx, C1, r, g, m and u as needed:

ax=

acceleration in the y direction as a function of the component of the velocity in the y direction vy? express your answer in terms of vy, C1, r, g, m and u as needed:

ay=

(c) Using your result from part (a), find an expression for the horizontal component of the ball's velocity as a function of time t? express your answer in terms of C1, r, g, m, u and t as needed: (enter e^(-z) for exp(-z)).

vx(t)=

(d) Using your result from part (b), find an expression for the vertical component of the ball's velocity as a function of time t? express your answer in terms of C1, r, g, m, u and t as needed: (enter e^(-z) for exp(-z)).

vy(t)=

(e) How long does it take for the vertical speed to reach 99% of its maximum value? express your answer in terms of C−1, r, g, m and u as needed:

• physics -

ax= (-C_1*r*v_x)/m