# calc

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15. Given ensuing information, determine the least cost and the least cost mix of on-
and off-shore pipe.

The intake facility is in the water 2 miles vertically north of the shoreline
The water filtration plant is on land 1 mile vertically south of the shoreline
The intake and the plant are horizontally 3 miles apart
The cost to lay pipe off-shore is \$60,000 per mile and the cost to lay pipe on-
shore is \$30,000 per mile
The shoreline runs east and west in a horizontal straight line

• calc -

If the pipe comes ashore x miles from the point directly south of the intake, the cost (in \$K) is

c(x) = 60√(x^2+4) + 30√((3-x)^2 + 1)
dc/dx = 60x/√(x^2+4) - 30(3-x)/√((3-x)^2 + 1)

dc/dx=0 when x=1

So, we have √5 miles of offshore pipe and √5 miles of onshore pipe.
Cost = 90√5 \$K = \$201,246.12

• calc -

can you tell me how you got √(x^2+4) and √((3-x)^2 + 1)

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