calc
posted by Ryan .
15. Given ensuing information, determine the least cost and the least cost mix of on
and offshore pipe.
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The intake facility is in the water 2 miles vertically north of the shoreline
The water filtration plant is on land 1 mile vertically south of the shoreline
The intake and the plant are horizontally 3 miles apart
The cost to lay pipe offshore is $60,000 per mile and the cost to lay pipe on
shore is $30,000 per mile
The shoreline runs east and west in a horizontal straight line
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If the pipe comes ashore x miles from the point directly south of the intake, the cost (in $K) is
c(x) = 60√(x^2+4) + 30√((3x)^2 + 1)
dc/dx = 60x/√(x^2+4)  30(3x)/√((3x)^2 + 1)
dc/dx=0 when x=1
So, we have √5 miles of offshore pipe and √5 miles of onshore pipe.
Cost = 90√5 $K = $201,246.12 
can you tell me how you got √(x^2+4) and √((3x)^2 + 1)