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Analytical Chemistry

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Carbon dioxide dissolves in water to form carbonic acid, which is primarily dissolved CO2. Dissolved CO2 satisfies the equilibrium equation.

CO2(g) <----> CO2(aq)

The acid dissociation constants listed in most standard reference texts for carbonic acid actually apply to dissolved CO2. K=0.032 M/atm

For a CO2 partial pressure of 4.4×10-4 atm in the atmosphere, what is the pH of water in equilibrium with the atmosphere?

Note: Since carbonic acid is primarily dissolved CO2, the concentration of H2CO3 can be taken as equal to that of dissolved CO2.

My online homework is due tonight and I am hopelessly lost on how to solve this problem. :(

  • Analytical Chemistry -

    Try this.
    C = pK
    C = 4.4E-4*0.032 = about 1.41E-5

    H2CO3 ==> H^+ + HCO3^-

    k1 = (H^+)(HCO3^-)/(H2CO3)
    (H^+)= (HCO3^-) = x
    (H2CO3) = 1.41E-5
    Solve for x = (H^+) and convert to pH.
    Are you plugging this into a data base? If so let me know how it turns out? And show your work when you do.

  • Analytical Chemistry -

    Yes I have online homework which I use to submit my homework on. I calculated H2CO3 and got the same value as yours. then I solved for x and got 2.3 x 10^-6 M. Finally i plugged it into the ph formula to get a ph of 5.64. Thank you so much! It was correct!

  • Analytical Chemistry -

    for once Dr Bob is right lol. he is usually wrong

  • Analytical Chemistry -

    Dr Bob is almost always right, don't be so salty ashley

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