Physics

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A bullet of mass 45 g is fired at a speed of 220 m/s into a 5.0-kg sandbag hanging from a string from the ceiling. The sandbag absorbs the bullet and begins to swing. To what maximum vertical height will it rise? Hint: Energy is not conserved as the bullet enters the bag but is conserved after the bullet comes to rest in the bag and the bag is swinging upward

  • Physics -

    v1'=((m1-m2)/(m1+m2))v1 for the bullet =176ms^-1

    And for the sandbag at rest
    v2'=((2m1)/(m1+m2))v1 =396ms^-1

    The bullet is conserved after the bullet comes to rest in the bag.
    Hence Mgh= 1/2mv^2.

    I got stuck here what is going to be the value of M, is it sum of the two masses. and value of v as well.

    And i hope the above is collect.
    Thanks

  • Physics -

    mv=(m+M)u
    u=mv/(m+M)=0.045•220/(0.045+5)=1.96 m/s

    (m+M)u²/2=(m+M)gh
    h= u²/2g=1.96²/2•9.8=0.196 m

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