Pre Calculus 12

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Modelling with sine/cosine

A Ferris wheel has a diameter of 30m. The bottom of the wheel is 1.5m off the ground it takes 3.5min to make one complete revolution. a person gets on ferris wheel at its lowest point at time = 0.

write an equation that represents persons height above ground h at any time t

is the height 31.5? i added 30 to 1.5

how high off the ground is the person at t = 25s?

I don't get how to solve.

How long (in one rotation) is the person above 27m?

  • Pre Calculus 12 -

    Last post for tonight, going to bed

    diameter is 30 m, so a=15
    So, (recall the last question with the 18 and 19)

    the min value is going to be -15 , but we want it to be 1.5 above ground , (the x-axis)
    so we have to add 16.5
    sofar we have
    y = 15 sin k(t + d) + 16.5 , t in minutes

    it takes 3.5 minutes for one rotation
    period = 3.5
    but 2π/k = 3.5
    3.5k = 2π
    k = 2π/3.5 or 4π/7

    getting there ....
    y = 15 sin (4π/7)(t + d) + 16.5

    when t= 0 , we have the lowest point ---> (0,1.5)
    1.5 = 15 sin (4π/7)(0+d) + 16.5
    -1 = sin ((4π/7)(d) )
    I know sin 3π/2 = -1
    so (4π/7)d = (3π/2)
    d = 21/8

    ok, how about
    y = 15 sin (4π/7)(t + 21/8) + 16.5

    testing:
    if t=3.5, we should get 31.5

    y = 15sin(4π/7)(3.5 - 21/8) + 16.5
    = 15 sin (π/2) + 16.5 = 15(1) + 16.5 = 31.5 , Wow!!

    -------------------------------

    when t=25 seconds = 25/60 min or 5/12 min

    y = 15sin (4π/7)(5/12 + 21/8) + 16.5
    = 15 sin( 73π/42) + 16.5
    = 5.5 m high

    ----------------------

    Here comes the hard part:

    we want y to be above 27
    sketch a line y = 27 to cut our cosine curve, you will see two such places in each period

    Let's find those two values of t

    27 = 15sin(4π/7)(t+21/8) + 16.5
    sin(4π/7)(t+21/8) = .7
    set your calculator to radians and do inverse sin (.7)
    I get .7754

    but by the Cast rule, we know the sine is positive in quadrants I and II
    so (4π/7)(t+21/8) = .7754 OR (4π/7)(t+21/8) = π - .7754
    t+21/8 = .43193 OR t+21/8 = 2.366
    t = -2.193 or t = -.2588
    don't worry about the t values being negative, the show we are on the left part of the cosine curve. We could add 3.5 to both to make them positive

    So the time interval = -.2588 - (-2.193) = 1.934 minutes or 116 seconds

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