Chemistry

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You have 475 mL of an 0.47 M acetic acid solution. What volume (V) of 1.10 M NaOH solution must you add in order to prepare an acetate buffer of pH = 5.00?

  • Chemistry -

    475 mL x 0.47 = 223 mmols HAc

    .........HAc + OH^- ==> Ac^- + H2O
    initial..223....0........0.......0
    add.............x................
    change...-x....-x........x.......x
    equil...223-x....0.......x........x

    Substitute the equil line into the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation and solve for x = millimols OH^- to be added.
    Then M = mmols/mL or mL = mmols/M and solve for mL.

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