science

posted by Samantha

Calculate the number of molecules in a deep breath of air whose volume is 2.68 L at body temperature, 37°C, and a pressure of 743 torr

(b) The adult blue whale has a lung capacity of 5.0 103 L. Calculate the mass of air (assume an average molar mass 28.98 g/mol) contained in an adult blue whale's lungs at 0.0°C and 1.00 atm, assuming the air behaves ideally.

how do i do these?

  1. Elena

    (a)
    V=2.68 L = 0.00268 m³,
    t=37°C => T=310 K,
    p=743 torr =99058.246 Pa
    R=8.31 J/mol

    pV=nRT
    n= pV/RT = 99058.246•0.00268/8.31•310 =0.1 mol
    N= n•N₀=0.1•6.02•10²³=6.02•10²² molecules
    (b)
    V=5•10³ L=5 m³
    μ=28.98 g/mol=28.98•10⁻³ kg/mol
    t=0℃ =273 K
    p =1 atm = 101325 Pa

    pV=mRT/μ
    m=pVμ/RT=101325•5• 28.98•10⁻³/8.31•273 =6.47 kg

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