Chemistry

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Carburization" of pure iron (Fe) is carried out at 950∘ C. It is desirable to achieve a carbon content of 0.9% at a depth of 0.1 mm below the surface. A constant supply of carbon at the surface maintains a surface concentration of 1.2%. Assuming the diffusivity of carbon in Fe is 10−10 m2/s at this temperature; calculate the time (in seconds) required for this process.

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